Muscular Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Muscular Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscular Skeletal System Deck (18):
1

Causes of osteoporosis

Hormonal - low oestrogen, high bone reabsorption, slow new bone formation
Low levels of vit D / calcium

2

What is osteoporosis

Thin bone
Causes fractures easily

3

Symptoms of arthritis

Inflammation of the joint
Pain
Swelling
Stiffness
Redness of joint

4

Causes of osteocitis

Elderly
Obese
Progressive
Trauma

5

Risk factors of arthritis

Female
Elderly
Pre existing joint condition
Obese

6

Symptoms of osteo arthritis

Stiffness in the morning that goes as the day continues
Pain
Limited range of movement
Joint effusion

7

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Small joints like hands and feet effected
Pain
Swelling / deformity
Fever / fatigue
Joints stiff
Fluctuating symptoms

8

How to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis

Stiff in morning 1/2-1 hour
3+ joints effected
Hand joints effected
Symmetrical
Rheumatoid nodules
X ray

9

Symptoms of gout

Sudden burning pain in joint
Red warm tender stiff joint
Big toe 1st effected
Less severe after first attack

10

Causes of pseduogout

Genetics
Osteo arthritis
Trauma / surgery
Elderly

11

Signs of bone tumour

Fever
Night pain
Hiv or immunosuppression
Cancer
Very young or old parents
Trauma
Steroid use

12

What are skin tags

Benign
Common in middle age or older people
Neck, face, trunk, axilla, groin common

13

Signs of basal cell carcinoma

Slow growing
Where sun has been exposed
Rolled edges
Pearly in the light
Dilated blood vessels evident

14

Symptom of squamous cell carcinoma

Kenignous pearls on skin
More than one nuclei
Second common exposure sun light

15

Signs of melanoma

Asymmetrical
Boarder irregular
Colour vary
Diameter over 6mm
Evolves over time

16

Causes of psoriasis

B blocker
Alcohol
Stress
Genes

17

Cause of scabies

Scabies mites
Burrows
Infection transferred via touch

18

Symptoms meningitis

Ha
Stiffness neck
Can't tolerate light
Fast deterioration
Aching limbs
Cold hands
Non blanching rash