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Flashcards in Muscularskeletel Deck (37):
0

Which of the following moves the scapula?
A. Trapezius
B. Biceps Brachii
C. Latissimus Doris
D. Pectoralis major
E. Triceps Brachii

A

1

Functions of trapezius?

1. Moves scapula
2. Extension of head
3. Pulls the head to the right and left

2

What is true of the rotator cuff muscles?
A. Fix the scapula in place
B. Attach the arm to the thorax
C. Attach the clavicle to the humerus
D. Hold the head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa of the scapula
E. Attach at the distal end of the humerus

D

3

Which of the following muscles flexes the wrist?
A. Anconeus
B. coracobrachialis
C. Flexor pollicis brevis
D. Extensor carpi radialis brevis
E. Flexor carpi radialis

E

4

Which of them belongs to the Gluteal muscle group:
A. Gluteus Maximus
B. Gluteus medius
C. Gluteus minimus
D. Tensor fasciae latae

A. B. C. D.

5

What are the functions of gluteal muscles?

Primary for hip extention
- with hyperextention
- power stroke of walking
Hip external rotation
-gluteal maxium
Hip abduction
- gluteal medius
Tensor fasciae latae
- tenses the fascia latae, stabilizing knee & leg
-

6

Muscles that move the femur including which 4 groups?

1. Gluteal group
2. Iliopsoas group
3. Adductor group
4. Lateral rotator group

7

What are the muscles in the gluteal muscle group?

Gluteus Maximus
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fasciae latae

8

What are the muscles in the iliopsoas muscle group?

Psoas major
Iliacus

9

What are the muscles of the adductor muscle group for femur?

Pectineus
Adductor brevis
Adductor longus
Adductor magnus
Gracilis

10

What are the muscles of lateral rotator group for femur?

Piriformis
Superior gemellus
Obturator internus
Obturator externus
Inferior gemellus
Quadratus femoris

11

What are the muscles that move the tibia and fibula (knee joint)?

Extensors in the front (quadriceps)
Flexors in the back (hamstrings)

12

What are the extenors of the knee (quadriceps)?

Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
(lies deep to the rectus femoris and vastus lateralis)
Vastus medialis

13

What are the flexors of the knee?

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Sartorius
Popliteus

14

What are the muscles of hamstring?

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

15

What are the ankle extensors (plantar flexion)?

Superficially:
Plantaris
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Deep layer:
Tibialis posterior
Fibularis longus
Fibularis brevis

16

What are the digital flexors of foot?

Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus

17

What are the ankle flexors?

Tibialis anterior

18

What are the digital extensors (dorsal flexion)?

Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus

19

Flexion of the hip is a movement produced by ?
A. Gluteus medius and gluteus maximus
B. Gluteus maximus and vastus lateralis
C. Psoas major and iliacus
D. Sartorius and rectus femoris
E. Piriformis and quadratus femoris

C

20

Which of the following is a part of the quadriceps femoris muscle group?
A. Pectineus
B. Sartorius
C. Vastus lateralis
D. Tensor fasciae latae
E. Iliotibial tract

C

21

Muscles in the abdominal wall?

Rectus abdominis
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominis
(Linea alba - not a muscle)

22

Muscles responsible for elbow flexion?

Brachialis
Biceps brachi
Brachioradialis

23

Muscles responsible for elbow extension?

Triceps brachii

24

What are the calf muscles?

Gastrocnemeus
Soleus
Plantaris (very small, under the soleus, 25% of population doesn't have one)

All 3 muscles come together to form the calcaneal (Achilles) tendon

25

Muscles of the upper arm, ventral group including?

Biceps Brachii
Brachialis

26

Muscles of the upper arm, dorsal group, including?

Anconeus
Triceps brachii

27

Rotator cuff muscles?

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Subscapularis

(S. I. T. S)

28

Entrapment of which tendon causes De Quervain's disease (stenosing tenosynovitis)?

Abductor pollicis longus
Extensor pollicis brevis

29

Finkelstein's test positive for?

De Quervain's disease

30

A palpable or audible click of the knee joint upon external rotation valgus positioning of the leg followed by slow extension of the knee ( from a position in which the knee is flexed and the tibia is internally and externally rotated on the femur).

McMurray test
This sign indicates a probable year of the medial meniscus, generally posterioly.

31

Nonorganic physical signs in the low back pain

Waddell's sign
Including: TSD RO
Tenderness
Simulation
Distraction
Regional disturbances
Overreaction

32

Diseases or conditions associated with carpal tunnel syndrome?

DM
Hypothyroid
Obesity
RA
Pregnancy

33

Numbness and tingling in the distribution of median nerve in the thumb, index, and middle fingers, and radial half of the ring finger.
Pain and paresthesias in the anterior forearm, increase with progressive activity, relieved by rest.
No nocturnal paresthesias.
What syndrome?

Pronator Teres Syndrome

34

Muscles in the abdomen?

Rectus abdominis
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominis

35

Layers of abdominal wall?

1. Skin
2. Superficial fascia
Camper's fascia (fatty)
Scarpa's fascia (memberaneous)
3. External oblique
4. Internal oblique
5. Transverse abdominis
6. Transversalis fascia
7. Extra peritoneal fascia
8. Parietal peritoneum

36

Non-specific low back pain recovers in ?

Regardless of treatment;
- 40% pt recover in 1 wk
- 80% pt recover in 3 wks
- 90% pt recover in 6 wks