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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (132)
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1

Swelling and tenderness of the entire joint and limits active and passive range of motion via pain or stifness

Articular Disease

2

These structures include the joint capsule and articular cartilage, the synovium and synovial fluid, intra-articular ligaments and juxta-articular bone.

Articular Structures

3

This is comprised of collagen matrix containing charged ions and water making it dynamic to pressure or load. Essentially a cushion for underlying bone.

Articular Cartilage

4

This provides nutrition to adjacent (commonly avascular) articular cartilage.

Synovial Fluid

5

These structures include: periarticular ligaments, tendons, bursae, fascia, muscle, bone, nerve, and overlying skin.

Extra-articular Structures

6

Rope-like bundles of collagen fibrils that connect bone to bone

Ligaments

7

Tendons are collagen fibers connecting ________ to ________.

Muscle to Bone

8

Bursae are pouches of _________ that cushion the movement of tendons and muscles over bone or other joint structures

Synovial Fluid

9

This type of joint is immovable.

Fibrous

10

This type of joint is slightly movable.

Cartilaginous

11

This type of joint is freely movable.

Synovial

12

Knees and shoulders are examples of what kind of joint?

Synovial

13

Skull sutures are examples of what kind of joint?

Fibrous

14

Vertebral Bodies of the Spine are examples of what kind of joint?

Cartiliginous

15

Three types of synovial Joints?

1. Spheroidal
2. Hinge
3. Condylar

16

The term for when a part of the body distal to the deformed part is deviated away from the body/midline (or laterally).

Valgus

17

The term for when a part of the body distal to the deformed part is deviated toward the body/midline (or medially).

Vargus

18

The root words used to describe something you are born with. (Maybe you're born with it, maybe it's Maybelline?)

"Genu" before the condition term

19

This is the sensation felt with palpitation of joints during motion that indicate irregularities in boney cartilage, soft tissue abnormalities, and fractures.

Crepitus

20

The hardening of a normally soft tissue or organ, especially the skin (phimosis?). This may be due to inflammation, infiltration of a neoplasm, or an accumulation of blood/fluid.

Induration

21

A spot that is softer than the surrounding area. Also described as"doughy."

Bogginess

22

Inflammation of the tendon and surrounding synovial sheath, characterized by pain and tenderness.

(Could be caused by infection, connective tissue disorder, or inflammatory dz)

Tenosynovitis (#basic term)

23

Arc of measurable joint movement in a single plane.

Range of Motion

24

Three types of range of motion testing?

Active, Passive, and Resistive.

25

Movements that consist of the patient using their own muscles to complete the range of motion

Active ROM

26

The true way to test for passive motion is to have the patient be in __________ position.

Supine (They need to relax. Who isn't relaxed on their back...?)

27

When inspecting, palpating, assessing range of motion, and performing special tests what is the most important thing to do?! (Besides knowing your anatomy)

Compare both sides to each other!!! Everyone's normals are different.

28

This is the most active joint of the body (2000xday)

THE TMJ JOINT (Oh yes, I just said joint twice)

Temporomandibular Joint (in case we have to spell)

29

Anatomy of the TMJ

1. Articular tubercle of the temporal bone
2. Condyle of the Mandible
3. Ear Canal
4. Disc?!

30

The closing of the jaw/TMJ involves which muscles and what cranial nerve?

1. Temporalis
2. Internal Pterygoid
3. Masseter

CN V