Musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

PD Block 3 JU > Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (31):
1

flexion

decreasing the angle of a joint

2

extension

increasing the angle of a joint

3

abduction

moving away from midline

4

adduction

moving toward midline

5

hyperextension

extending a limb beyond its normal limit

6

rotation

turning around an axis

7

internal rotation

rotating a limb toward the midline

8

external rotation

rotating a limb away from the midline

9

lateral bending

lateral flexion of the trunk or C spine

10

inversion

tilting the sole of the foot towards the midline

11

eversion

tilting the sole of the foot away from midline

12

supination

rotating the palms face up

13

pronation

rotating the palms face down

14

plantar flexion

toe down motion at the ankle

15

dorsiflexion

top up motion of the foot at the ankle

16

radial deviation

movement of the hand at the wrist towards the radius

17

ulnar deviation

movement of the hand at the wrist towards the ulnar bone

18

myopathy

and disease of the muscles not caused by nerve dysfunction

19

neuropathy

any abnormal condition of the peripheral nerves

20

polyneuropathy

a specific term that refers to a generalized, relatively homogenous process affecting many peripheral nerves

21

sprain

injury to ligaments around a joint

22

strain

injury to a muscle or tendon

23

subluxation

partial dislocation of a joint

24

muscle strength scale

0-5
5 normal strength
3 movement against gravity only
0 no firing

25

DTR scale

0+ to 4+
0+ no response
2+ expected response
4+ hyperactive; may elicit clonus

26

Biceps DTR =

C5

27

Brachioradiales DTR =

C6

28

Triceps DTR =

C7

29

Patellar tendon DTR =

L4

30

Achilles DTR =

S1

31

Clonus

repetitive, rhythmic contraction of a muscle when attempting to hold it in a stretched state