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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (34):
1

hyperuricemia

cell turn over,
cyclosporine
dehydratation
diabetes insipidus
diet
diuretics
lead poisoning
lesch-nyhan syndrome
salicylate3s
starvation

2

rheumatoid arthritis HLA?

HLA-DR4

3

CREST Sx

calcinosis
raynaud phenomenon
esophageal dysmotility
sclerodactyly
telangiectasias

4

SLE
specific isolated skin and joint involvement?
severe cases?

skin and joint=hydroxychloroquine
severa cases=cyclophosphamide

5

best initial test in dermatomyosis

CPK and aldolase

6

best initial test for ankylosing spondyliyis

sacroileac X ray (look ofr sacroileac joint narrowing)

7

witch part of the complemente is decrease in SLE and HEP C

SLE=C3
Hep C= C4

8

SLE flare

hypocloment and increase adn increase in DS-Ab

9

wegeners best place for biopsy

lung biopsy

10

worst complication of sjogren

lymphoma

11

best i nitial test for sjogren and confirmatory test

initial test= Schirmer test
confirmatory= lip biopsy

12

best initial test for antiphospholipd syndrome

Mixing study
you confirm with russell viper venom

13

young women with fever spikes and salmo colored rash on chest and abdomen

junenile rheumatoid arthritis

14

most common type of glomerulonephritis in lupus

membranous glomerulonephritis

15

initla fibromyalgia treatment

amitiptyline

16

antihipertensive election in gout

Losartan

17

medication to avoid in gout

Thiazides, Aspirine and niacin

18

shoulder anterior dislocation nerve damage

axillary nerveinjury

19

posterior dislocation of the hip nerver damage

sciatic nerve

20

anterior dislocation fo the hip nerve damage

obturador nerve

21

hip fracture phisical finding

shortened and externally rotated leg

22

Felty syndrom

RA
splenomegaly
neutropenia

23

caplan syndrome

RA
neumoconiosis(antracosis)

24

hydroxychloroquine tox

retinal toxicity

25

best initial step for osteomyelitis

X-ray
most accurate: MRI
if MRI its contraindicated DO A NUCLEAR TRIPHASIC BONE SCAN

26

tennis elbow

CLINICA: pain with extension of forearm and wrist
-extensor carpi radialis brevis

27

golf elbow

-flexor carpi radialis
-pronator teres

28

U1-RNP(ribonucleoprotein) Ab

mixed-connective-tissue disease

29

epecific therapy for fibromyalgia

FIRTS LINE: amitriptiline
SSRI specifically for fibromyalgia: milnacipran

30

most accurate test for carpal tunnel syndrome

electromyography and nerve conduction testing

31

most common cause of death in RA

coronary artery disease

32

cancer related to dermatomyositis

ovary
lung
gastrointestinal
lymphoma

33

osteoporosis

decreased bone MATRIX and decrease mineralization

34

osteomalacia

INTACTMATRIX but decrease mineralization