Musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

First Aid CK Rapid Review ❤️ > Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Back Pain that is exacerbated by standing and walking and relieved with Sitting and hyperflexion of the hips

Spinal Stenosis

2

Joints in the hand affected in rheumatoid arthritis

MCP and PIP

DIP joints are SPARED

3

Joint pain and stiffness that worsen over the course of the day and relieved by rest

Osteoarthritis

4

Genetic disorder assocatied with multiple fractures and commonly mistaken for child abuse

Osteogenesis imperfecta

5

Hip and back pain along with stiffness that improves with activity over the course of the day and worsens at rest

Diagnostic test?

Suspect ankylosing spondylitis

Check HLA-B27

6

Arthritis, Conjunctivitis, and urethritis in young men.

Associated organisms?

Reactive (Reiter's) arthritis.

Associated with Campylobacter,
Shingella
Calmonella
Chlamydia
Ureaplasma

7

55 year old man has sudden excruciating first MTP joint pain after a night of drinking red wine.

Diagnosis?
Workup
Chronic TX?

Gout
Needles Shaped, negatively birefringent crystals

Chronic Tx- Allopurinol or Probenecid

8

Rhomboid-shaped, positively birefrindent crystals on joint fluid aspirate

Pseudogout

9

Elderly women presents with pain and stiffness of the shoulders and hips; she can't lift arms above her head. Lab shows Anemia and increase ESR

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

10

Active 13 year old boy has anterior knee pain

Dx?

Osgood-schlatter disease

11

Bone is fractured in a fall on an outstretched hand

Distal Radius (Colles' fracture)

12

Complication of scaphoid fracture

Avascular necrosis

13

Signs suggesting radial nerve damage with humeral fracture

Wrist Drop
Loss of thumb abduction

14

Young Child rpesents with proximal muscle weakness, waddling gait, and pronounced calf muscles

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

15

1st born female who was born in breech position is found to have asymmetric skin folds on her newborn exam

Dx

Tx

Developmental dysplasia of the hip

If severe, consider a Pavlik harness to maintain abduction

16

11 y/o obese AA boy presents with sudden onset of limp.

Dx

Workup

Slipped capital femoral Epiphysis

AP and Frog leg lateral view

17

Most common 1 malignant tumor of bone

Multiple Myeloma