What is Lordosis?
Inward curvature of the spine. Arched back appearance.
What is Kyphosis?
exaggerated posture or outward curvature of spine. Hunchback appearance
What is scoliosis?
A side curvature of the spine. Look for rotation of spine.
How are all of these treated and prevented?
T = Physical therapy, braces, if severe then surgery P = slow progression of disease
What is the prevention of these deformities of the spine?
What is a herniated disc?
Part of a disc protrudes out and damages or compresses some of the nerve.
Signs and symptoms of herniated disc?
numbness or tingling that will go down one or both arms or legs. Pain worsens with a sneeze, a cough, bending - more pressure
Treatment and prevention of herniated disc?
T = usually rest, analgesics, if severe then surgery P = proper lifting
What is osteoperosis?
A metabolic disorder in which the bone does not absorb enough calcium. Most common in women over 50 yo
S & S of Osteoperosis?
back pain and aching joints
Treatment and prevention of Osteoperosis?
T = Phosphate and calcium supplements, multivitamins and pain relief. P = prevent fractures, weight exercises for treatment as well
What is Osteomyelitis?
Infection of the bone. Entered from fracture or bacteria in blood stream
Signs and symptoms of Osteomyelitis?
Those of an infection: fever, chills, sweating, pain and tenderness over affected bone drainage from infection site
Treatment of Osteomyelitis?
T = antibiotics - eliminate bacteria, eliminate the infection
What is Pagets Disease?
High rate of bone turnover. Bone resorbed and replaced with bone of more fibrous tissue.
Signs and Symptoms of Pagets Disease?
Swelling of bones, dull pain comes on slowly - tingling and numbness headache and vision loss due to too much calcium in blood
Treatment and Prevention for Pagets Disease?
T = Physical therapy P = stop bone malformation
What are dislocations?
Where part of the joint has come out of it normal placement.
Signs and symptoms of dislocations?
Deformed appearance Pain at joint
Treatment and Prevention of dislocations?
T = manual placement or realignment P = proper lifting
What is a Fracture?
Break in bone
Signs and symptoms of fractures?
acute pain after injury bruising swelling
Treatment of fractures?
immobilize joint sometimes surgery is necessary
What is Osteoarthritis?
inflammation of joints and bones causing degeneration of joint cartilage and formation of new bone.
S & S of Osteoarthritis?
Deep aching joint pain Stiffness and swelling in morning crackling sound deformity maybe
Treatment and Prevention of Osteoarthritis?
T = No cure, minimize pain and imflammation P = None
What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
genetic inflammatory disease joints can destroy cartilage, deform joints
S & S of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Malaise, low grade fever fatigue
Diagnose Rheumatoid Arthritis by?
Blood test - rheumatoid factor
Treatment and Prevention of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
T = stop inflammation to avoid joint deformity P =