Musculoskeletal Disorders Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Musculoskeletal Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Disorders Deck (69)
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1

Form of electromagnetic radiation.

X-Ray

2

Nuclear scanning test that identifies new areas of bone growth or breakdown.

Bone Scan

3

Creates a 3-D image from multiple X-rays images.

Computed Tomography Scan (CT)

4

Measure the electrical impulses of muscles at rest and during contraction.

Electromyogram (EMG)

5

Allows analysis of fluid for signs of inflammation, bleeding, and infection.

Synovial Fluid Aspiration

6

Uses strong magnetic field. No radiation. Patients with some types of metal implants can not have.

MRI

7

Minimally invase surgical prodecure in which an examination and sometimes treats of damage of the interior of a joint is performed.

Arthroscopy

8

Elevated in many muscle diseases.

Serum Creatine Kinase (SCK).

9

Results when the skin is broken.

Open Fracture

10

Skin is not broken at the fracture site.

Closed Fracture

11

A bone is broken to form two or more separate pieces.

Complete Fracture

12

Bone is only partially broken.

Incomplete Fracture

13

Single break in the bone in which the bone ends maintain their alignment and position.

Simple Fracture

14

The are multiple fracture lines and bone fragments.

Comminuted Fracture

15

When a bone is crushed or collapses into small pieces.

Compression Fracture

16

When one end of the bone is forced into the adjacent bone.

Impacted

17

Result from a weakness in the bone structure. Example - during cancer.

Pathologic

18

Fracture result from repeated excess stress.

Stress

19

Occur in the skull when the broken section is forced inward on the brain.

Depressed

20

Fracture across the bone.

Transverse

21

A break along the axis of bone.

Linear

22

Fracture at an angle to the diaphysis.

Oblique

23

Fracture that angles around the bone.

Spiral

24

Fracture at the distal radius at the wrist.

Colle's Fracture

25

Fracture of the lower fibula due to excessive stress on the ankle.

Pott's Fracture

26

Fracture of the 5th metatarsal.

Jones Fracture

27

Forms in the medullary canal, under the periosteum, and between the ends of the bone fragments.

Hematoma (clot)

28

Form new cartilage.

Chondroblasts

29

The bone ends become splinted together by a _______.

Fibrocartilaginous callus.

30

Generate new bone.

Osteoblasts