Musculoskeletal: Symptomatic & Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal: Symptomatic & Diagnostic Terms Deck (61):
1

joint pain

arthralgia

2

shrinking of tissue such as muscle

atrophy

3

grating sound made by movement of some joints or broken bones

crepitation

4

grating sound made by movement of some joints or broken bones

crepitus

5

a projection arising from a bone that develops from cartilage

exostosis

6

flabby, relaxed, or having defective or absent muscle tone

flaccid

7

increase in the size of tissue such as muscle

hypertrophy

8

reduced muscle tone or tension

hypotonia

9

muscle pain

myalgia

10

muscle pain

myodynia

11

bone pain

ostealgia

12

bone pain

osteodynia

13

stiffness; stiff muscle

rigor or rigidity

14

drawing in; involuntary contraction of muscle

spasm

15

uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscles causing stiff and awkward movements

spastic

16

tension; prolonged, continuous muscle contractions

tetany

17

shaking; rhythmic muscular movement

tremor

18

stiff joint condition

ankylosis

19

inflammation in the joints characterized by pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion- there are more than 100 different types

arthritis

20

-degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease(DJD)
-most common form of arthritis that especially affects weight-bearing joints; characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage

osteoarthritis/degenerative arthritis/degenerative joint disease (DJD)

21

most crippling form of arthritis characterized by a chronic, systemic inflammation most often affecting joints and synovial membranes (especially in the hands and feet) causing ankylosis and deformity

rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

22

acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint caused by hyperuricemia (an excessive level of uric acid in the blood)

gouty arthritis

23

dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply such as after a fracture

bony necrosis

24

dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply such as after a fracture

bony necrosis

25

dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply such as after a fracture

sequestrum

26

swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa

bunion

27

inflammation of the bursa

bursitis

28

condition that results from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel at the wrist, characterized by pain, numbness, and tingling in the wrist and fingers and weak grip; commonly seen as a result of cumulative trauma of the surrounding tendons

carpal tunnel syndrome

29

softening of the cartilage

chondromalacia

30

inflammation of the epiphyseal region of the long bone

epiphysitis

31

a broken or cracked bone

fracture

32

a broken bone with no open wound

closed fracture

33

compound fracture; a broken bone with an open wound

open fracture

34



a nondisplaced fracture involving one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair, i.e. hairline, stress, or crack fractures

simple fracture

35

a displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair

complex fracture

36

line made by broken bone

fracture line

37

broken in many little places

comminuted fracture

38

bending and incomplete break of a bone, most often seen in children

greenstick fracture

39

protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulpous protrudes causing compression on the nerve root

herniated disk/disc

40

bone marrow tumor

myeloma

41

inflammation of muscle

myositis

42

muscle tumor

myoma

43

smooth muscle tumor

leiomyoma

44

malignant smooth muscle tumor

leiomyosarcoma

45

skeletal muscle tumor

rhabdomyoma

46

malignant skeletal muscle tumor

rhabdomyosarcoma

47

a category of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle (Duchenne's is the most common)

muscular dystrophy

48

bone tumor

osteoma

49

type of malignant bone tumor

osteosarcoma

50

disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency

osteomalacia

51

osteomalacia in children (causes bone deformity)

rickets

52

infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation

osteomyelitis

53

condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture

osteoporosis

54

abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback)

kyphosis

55

abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)

lordosis

56

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)

scoliosis

57

forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra (listhesis=slipping)

spondylolisthesis

58

stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae due to joint degeneration

spondylosis

59

injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture

sprain

60

a partial dislocation

subluxation

61

inflammation of a tendon

tendinitis/tendonitis