Flashcards in music 1-50 Deck (49):
sound organized in time
the highness or lowness of a sound
orchestral musicians in the US tune to this note
The term for scholars who study the music of other cultures
Curt Sachs and Erich von Hornbostel created how many groups of instruments?
What texture has two or more melodic lines unfold simultaneously
What is the art of taking an existing piece of music and giving instructions as to what each individual performer should play
The combination of instruments involved in a work of music
Another expressive factor expressing the sound of a piece is called
The primary way tension is created through harmonic _______.
what is the broadcast definition of music?
sound organized in time
simultaneous composition and performance
how does raising the amplitude of a sound wave affect the sound?
sound becomes louder
a melody that moves primarily in half steps or whole steps conjunct melody
Between which TWO pairs of notes on the keyboard are there no black keys?
B to C and E to F
From which key on the keyboard would a natural minor scale consisting only of white keys begin?
to move a piece of music from one key to another
What aspect of a melody must remain unchanged when it is transposed to another key?
the interval relationships between the notes
the overall shape or direction of a melody
how does lowering the frequency of a sound wave affect the sound
pitch becomes lower
what is the frequency of A above middle C, the note to which orchestral musicians tune their instruments
instruments that use vibrating strings to produce sound
instruments whose bodies vibrate to produce sound
instruments that use a vibrating column of air to produce
instruments that use a vibrating column of air to produce sound
instruments that use an oscillator to produce sounds
what instrument family includes the flute, bassoon, and saxophone
what instrument family includes the tuba, french horn, and bugle
what are five examples of stringed instruments
violon, viola, cello, doublebass, and guitar
what instruments family includes the marimba, timpani, and vibraphone?
what are four examples of keyboard instruments
piano, harpsichord, organ, and celesta
the higness or lowness of a sound
what interval is produced by halving the length of a string on a guitar
where is middle c located on the piano keyboard
roughly equidistant from either end
weaker frequencies that color the sound of a note
into how many equal parts does equal temperament divide the octave
the 12 pitches of the octave, played in ascending order
what does a sharp symbol indicate
the note should be raised
what does a flat symbol indicate?
the note should be lowered
what are the notes g# and Ab, which are identical in pitch referred to as?
how many pitches does a diatonic scale contain
why is the seventh pitch in a scale called the leading tone
it begs to resolve upward to the tonic pitch
what is the role of the tonic pitch
acts as a point or repose and completion
the fifth scale degree
a study of how music actually sounded when it was written
the distance between two pitches
what unit of measurement is used to describe an interval
half step or semitone
What is the highest note of a triad known as?