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Flashcards in music 1-50 Deck (49):
1

sound organized in time

music

2

the highness or lowness of a sound

pitch

3

orchestral musicians in the US tune to this note

A-440

4

The term for scholars who study the music of other cultures

ethnomusicologists

5

Curt Sachs and Erich von Hornbostel created how many groups of instruments?

4

6

What texture has two or more melodic lines unfold simultaneously

polyphonic

7

What is the art of taking an existing piece of music and giving instructions as to what each individual performer should play

arranging

8

The combination of instruments involved in a work of music

instrumentation

9

Another expressive factor expressing the sound of a piece is called

articulation

10

The primary way tension is created through harmonic _______.

Dissonance

11

what is the broadcast definition of music?

sound organized in time

12

improvisation

simultaneous composition and performance

13

how does raising the amplitude of a sound wave affect the sound?

sound becomes louder

14

a melody that moves primarily in half steps or whole steps conjunct melody

conjunct melody

15

Between which TWO pairs of notes on the keyboard are there no black keys?

B to C and E to F

16

From which key on the keyboard would a natural minor scale consisting only of white keys begin?

A

17

transpose

to move a piece of music from one key to another

18

What aspect of a melody must remain unchanged when it is transposed to another key?

the interval relationships between the notes

19

contour

the overall shape or direction of a melody

20

how does lowering the frequency of a sound wave affect the sound

pitch becomes lower

21

what is the frequency of A above middle C, the note to which orchestral musicians tune their instruments

440 Hz

22

chordophones

instruments that use vibrating strings to produce sound

23

idiophones

instruments whose bodies vibrate to produce sound

24

aerophones

instruments that use a vibrating column of air to produce

25

membranophones

instruments that use a vibrating column of air to produce sound

26

electrophones

instruments that use an oscillator to produce sounds

27

what instrument family includes the flute, bassoon, and saxophone

woodwinds

28

what instrument family includes the tuba, french horn, and bugle

brass

29

what are five examples of stringed instruments

violon, viola, cello, doublebass, and guitar

30

what instruments family includes the marimba, timpani, and vibraphone?

percussion

31

what are four examples of keyboard instruments

piano, harpsichord, organ, and celesta

32

pitch

the higness or lowness of a sound

33

what interval is produced by halving the length of a string on a guitar

octave

34

where is middle c located on the piano keyboard

roughly equidistant from either end

35

overtones

weaker frequencies that color the sound of a note

36

into how many equal parts does equal temperament divide the octave

12

37

chromatic scale

the 12 pitches of the octave, played in ascending order

38

what does a sharp symbol indicate

the note should be raised

39

what does a flat symbol indicate?

the note should be lowered

40

what are the notes g# and Ab, which are identical in pitch referred to as?

enharmonic

41

how many pitches does a diatonic scale contain

seven

42

why is the seventh pitch in a scale called the leading tone

it begs to resolve upward to the tonic pitch

43

what is the role of the tonic pitch

acts as a point or repose and completion

44

dominant pitch

the fifth scale degree

45

performance practice

a study of how music actually sounded when it was written

46

interval

the distance between two pitches

47

what unit of measurement is used to describe an interval

half step or semitone

48

What is the highest note of a triad known as?

the fifth

49

melodic interval

two pitches played consecutively