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Flashcards in music 251-300 Deck (50):
1

What frequencey describes the pitch A played one ctave lower than A -440

A-220

2

fundamental harmonic

the loudesr and strongest pitch produced by asound wave

3

what note is the enharmonic equivalent of C#

Db

4

what note is the enharmonic equivalent of Bb

A#

5

what note is the dominant equivalent of G

D

6

which triad inversion has the third on the bottom?

first inversion

7

a triad with the root position note at the bottom

root position

8

the set of pitch relationships in which a piece or section of a piece of music occurs

key

9

what pitch determines the name and gravitational center of a key?

the tonic pitch

10

whcih scale degrees stermine whether a key is major or minor

^3 ^6 and 7^

11

chromatic pitches

pitches that are not within the key of a piece of music

12

a set of accidentals that indicate the key

key signiture

13

Define rhythm.

Rhythm is the ordering and grouping of sounds and silences through time.

14

What term is used to refer to the basic pulse of music?

beat

15

What happens to the beats of a piece if the tempo increases?

An increase in tempo means the music moves faster, causing the beats to come closer together in time.

16

What is the difference between tempo and meter?

Tempo merely measures how fast the beat is while meter refers to the rhythmic groupings of stressed and unstressed beats.

17

what note is the dominant pitch in the key of g?

D

18

what note is the dominant pitch in the key of Bb

F

19

'what note is the dominant pitch in the key of D#

A#

20

What note is the leading tone in the key of A

G#

21

What note is the leading tone in the key of f

E

22

what is the term for the form of a song that contains several unique sections without repetition

through composed

23

wat interval occurs between F and G#

augmented second

24

what interval occurs between ^6 and raised ^7 in a harmonic minor scale?

augmented second

25

which minor scale changes its pitches when played descending?

melodic

26

how much larger than an octave is a minor ninth

a minor second

27

how much larger than an octave is a major tenth

a major third

28

how many half steps does a major ninth contain

14

29

what does a key signature that includes a D flat imply?

the pitch of D will automatically be lowered for the rest of the piece

30

how many accidentals are there in the key of c?

none

31

how many and what type of accidental are there in the key of F?

1 flat

32

How many and what type of accidentals are there in the key of G?

1 sharp

33

how many and what type of accidentals are there in the key of E?

4 sharps

34

the quality of a pitch, interval, or chords that makes it seem suitable for rest or resolution

consonance

35

an interval made up of three whole steps

tritone

36

according to USAD, what instruments are included in a typical jazz band?

clarinet, trumpet, trombone, saxophone, piano, double bass, and percussion

37

in order from highest to lowest, what are the strings of a cello

a3, d3, g2, c2, the same letters as a viola but an octave lower

38

What is a diatonic scale?

A diatonic scale is a scale that uses notes from the chromatic scale, but contains only seven notes per octave. For example, the major and minor scales are types of diatonic scales.

39

what is the typical range of the alto voice?

G3 to D5, +/- one or two notes

40

what is periodization?

periodization is the process of dividing history into specific memorably segments

41

who first used the term renaissance

Jules Michelet, a 19th century french historian

42

Who wrote the Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy?

Jacob Burkhardt, a 19th century Swiss historian

43

What are the most common meters in Western music?

duple meter (groups of two beats) and triple meter (groups of three beats)

44

What is the difference between simple and compound meter?

A simple meter is one in which each beat is divided in half; in compound meter, beats are divided into groups of three.

45

What is a downbeat?

A downbeat is the first beat of a measure. It is almost always an accented beat.

46

Music notation must provide at least what two important pieces of information about the work?

Music notation must clearly indicate the pitches of the notes and their durations.

47

What elements of Wester musical notation are used to indicate pitch?

The clef and the placement of notes on the stuff indicate the desired pitches.

48

What elements of musical notation indicate the duration and rhythm of notes?

The appearance and shape of the notes and the different symbols used to indicate rests indicate the intended rhythm and duration of notes.

49

Who created the system of musical notation upon which the modern Western system is based?

Franco of Cologne (13th Century)

50

What do rests indicate?

Rests indicate that there should be a silence of a certain length in the music.