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Flashcards in music 401-450 Deck (77):
1

what kind of contour describes the melody of "The Star Spangle Banner?"

disjunct

2

Whit kind of contour describes the melody of "Row, Row, Row Your Boat?"

conjunct

3

How many flags denote sixteenth notes in rhythmic notation?

2

4

How does a half note differ from a quarter note in rhythmic notation?

The note head of the half note is not filled in.

5

In rhythmic notation, how does a whole note differ from a half note?

The whole note does not have a stem

6

How many eighth notes make up a whole note?

8

7

How many sixteenth notes make up a quarter note?

4

8

How many sixteenth notes make up a dotted half note?

12

9

What rhythmic change is denoted by a small dot next to the head of a note?

add half of the note's original value to itself.

10

How many beats does a dotted whole note contain?

6

11

How many beats does a dotted quarter note contain?

1.5

12

subito

a change executed suddenly

13

poco a poco

a change executed gradualy

14

most drums fall under what instrumental classification

most drums are membranophones

15

what factors affect the sound of a drum

the material and size of the drum and its membrane affect the sound of the drum

16

what type of drum has pitches that can be adjusted using a foot pedal

a timpani

17

what type of drum has a 36 inch frame covered with two drumheads

an orchestral bass drum

18

what characteristic of the snare drum makes it different than all other drums

snare drums have metal snares or string attached to them that vibrate when the drum is hit

19

how do aerophones create sound

in aerophones, sound is created by the vibration of a column of air inside the instrument

20

name two instruments that are played by blowing air across the opening of a column

flute piccolo or recorder

21

what is a reed

a eed is a piece of can wood that is carved and inserted into the mouthpiece of some woodwind instruments. it vibrates as the instrument is played

22

name two single reed instruments

clarinet saxophone

23

name two double reed instruments

oboe and bassoon

24

what is the difference between the flute and the piccolo

the piccolo is smaller than the flute and has a higher range

25

what material is the clarinet made out of

african or brazilian blackwood

26

what is another name for the double bass

string bass or upright lower

27

how long is the body of a double bass

180-200 cn

28

in order from highest to lowest, what are the strings of a double bass

g2, d2, a1, e1

29

how many strings does an orchestral harp

47

30

what is the tonal range of a concert harp

c1 to g#7

31

why is the piano considered a chordophone

the piano is classified as a chordophone bc it creates sound by the vibration of strings which are struck by small hammers

32

what are the 3 classifications of percussion instruments

membranophones idiophones and metallophones

33

what is the primary purpose of percussion instruments in most ensembles

their function is usually to add to the rhythmic complexity of the piece or to keep the beat rather than to add to the melody or harmony

34

what is the difference between an idiophone and a membranophone

membranophones are percussion instrumentes that feature a taut membrane that is struck to create a sound. idiophones are instruments such as shakers that lack a membrane

35

what are at least three examples if pitched bar instruments

vibraphone, tubular bells, glockenspiel, xylophone, or marimba

36

what two woods can a bassoon be made form

maple or rosewood

37

what is the lowest sounding instrument in the orchestra

the contrabassoon, with a range from B 60 to E4

38

what creates sound in brass instruments

brass instrument produce sound via the vibration of the players lips against the mouthpiece

39

what is the smallest brass instrument

trumpet

40

in what way is the trombone unlike other brass instruments

unlike other brass instruments which uses valves to control pitch the trombone uses a long slide

41

what instruments make up the low brass section of an orchestra

trombone tuba and sometimes a euphonium and a baritone

42

what sort of aerophones are not played using human lung power

pipe organs

43

how many violin sections are there in a traditional orchestral setup

two

44

what instruments are included in a standard wind quintet

flute oboe clarinet bassoon and horn

45

What symbol denotes a second inversion triad?

a 6 and 4 stacked vertically after the chord symbol

46

What TWO scales require an F# in the key signature?

G major and E mnor

47

How many key signatures are possible in common practice tonality?

12

48

What TWO keys require a Bb in the key signature?

F major and D minor

49

What accidentals are required in the key signature of Bb?

A Bb and Eb

50

How many keys are possible?

24

51

Why are there only a limited number of possible keys?

Every key must preserve the sequence of half and whole steps required by the scale.

52

what kind of triad is built on ^7 of a major scale?

diminished

53

What symbols are used to describe chords?

Roman numerals

54

What TWO chord progressions consist of predominant dominant tonic?

Iv_V-I or ii-V-I

55

What harmonic role does the added seventh play in a dominant seventh chord?

It exerts an additional pull to the tonic.

56

Modal mixture

Altering pitches of the basic triad

57

nonfunctional harmony

using chords from common-practice tonality without resolving them

58

what two beats are generally weakest in duple mete?

2 and 4

59

what two bears are generally strongest in duple meter

1 and 3

60

what separates measures on the staff

bar lines

61

what beats of the measure must be aligned for two simultaneous meters to form a polymeter

downbeats

62

what name is irregular meter known as

asymmetrical meter

63

what name polyrhythm also know by

cross rhythm

64

what are the two most common polyrhythms

2 against 3 and 3 against 4

65

including root position, how many triad inversions are possible

3

66

what symbol denotes a first inversion triad

a 6 written after the chord symbol

67

arranging

giving instructions to what each individual performance should play based on an existing piece of music

68

which harmonic role corresponds to a seventh chord built from ^7

dominant

69

which note of a triad can be omitted without interfering with the harmony

the fifth

70

what tradition forms the basis of blues music

rural african american oral tradition

71

emotion most characteristic of the blues

sadness

72

blue notes

flattened, bent, or shaded notes on ^3 ^5 and ^7

73

how can a pianist play blue notes that lie between piano keys

using crushed notes by playing two adjacent notes at once

74

why is western notation unable to capture the nuances of the blues

much of blues is improvisational

75

at which part of the form does a line of blue lyrics generally end

midway through a four bar section

76

ring shout

a slavery era religious tradition involving improvisation, call and response, and movement

77

which two cultural contexts did the ring shout combine

african and american