Flashcards in Music Section One Deck (149)
What is the broadest definition of music?
Sound organized in time
What is it called when composition and performance happen simultaneously?
What is required to create music?
A time frame, sound waves and a cognizant mind to perceive and interpret those sounds
What does the amplitude affect?
The decibel level or how loud or soft the tone is
What is the pitch?
The higher or lowness of the sound
What can a normal human ear hear?
20 to 20,000 cycles per second
What does orchestral musicians in the United States usually tune their instruments to?
What are two kinds of music sounds?
Pitched and non pitched
What instruments provide most of the no-pitched sounds in music?
What two musicians organized instruments into four groups?
Curt Sachs and Erich von Hornbostel
What are the four instrumental groups?
Chordophones, Aerophones, Membranophones, idiophones and later electrophones
What instruments make up chordophones?
Violins, harps and guitars which have one or more strings; plucked, bowed, or struck
What instruments are in Aerophones?
brass and wind instruments such as horns and flutes that feature a vibrating column of air
What is a Membranophone?
Any instrument that has a skin or other membrane stretched across some kind of frame and the skins vibrates when struck
What are examples of Idiophones?
When the body of the instrument itself vibrates when struck such as bells, woodblocks and xylophones
What instrumental category was added after the discovery of electricity?
How did were Western musical instruments grouped before Sachs and Hornbostel?
What are the five families of instruments?
Strings, Brass instruments, Woodwind instruments, percussion instruments, keyboard instruments
What are string instruments?
Instruments that are bowed or plucked
What are Brass instruments?
Aerophones in which the column of air is moved by breath alone
What are Percussion instruments
Membranophones as well a s idiophones plus some chordophones that are struck rather than bowed or plucked such as the piano
What are keyboard instruments?
A fifth category of instruments with keys
What is among the best known early electronic instruments?
How do you play a Theramin?
The performer regulates frequency with one hand and amplitude wit the other by disturbing the electrical fields that surround the protruding bars
After the development of electronic instrument what was the next important step in their development?
The end of the 2nd World War
What is musique concrete?
When electronically generated sounds and sounds produced by live instruments were recorded on tape before being manipulated into collages to be performed
What cities were famous postwar centers for electronic music?
Paris, Rome, Cologne and New York City
A single isolated musical sound has how many properties?
Four, pitch, duration, volume and timbre
The highness or lowness of a sound