Flashcards in Music Theory Deck (51):
What are ledger lines?
Are use to extend the upper and lower range of a staff.
What is a sharp?
Raises a note by one semitones.
What is a flat?
Lowers a note by a semitones.
What is a natural?
Cancels out any accidentals.
What is a key signature?
Group of flats or sharps at the beginning of a piece of music which tells us what notes are raised or lowered at the beginning of the piece.
How many beats does a whole note get?
How many beats does a half note get?
How many beats does a quarter note get?
How many notes does a eighth note get?
Half a beat.
How many notes does a sixteenth note get?
One fourth of a beat.
How many beats does a dotted whole note get?
How many beats does a dotted half note get?
How many notes does a dotted quarter note get?
1 and a half beats.
How many beats does a dotted eighth note get?
3/4 of a beat.
There are 2 quarter notes in each bar.
3/4 means ...
There are 3 quarter notes in each bar.
There are 4 quarter notes in each bar.
There are 5 quarter notes in each bar
There are 2 half notes in each bar.
6/8 means ...
There are 6 eighth notes in each bar.
What are semitones?
The smallest possible distance between 2 notes.
How many notes are in a chromatic scale?
What does a accent mean?
Play with force.
What is an accidental?
Flats, straps, and naturals that are not in the key signature.
What is crescendo?
What is a decrescendo?
What is a double bar?
Marks the end of music.
What is a fermata?
Hold or pause.
What is F?
What is the formula for a major scale?
What should there be while writing a major scale?
Should be 8 notes.
First note and last note should be the same.
Every letter must appear once.
What is the order of sharps?
What is the order of flats?
What is the key signatures of sharps?
F# C# G D A E B
6 7 1 2 3 4 5
What is the key signature for Order of flats?
Bb Eb Ab Db Gb Cb F
2 3 4 5. 6. 7. 1
What does P mean.
Affects the dynamics of a musical composition.
What does mp mean?
What is mf?
What does ff mean?
What is a legato?
Musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
What is staccato?
The note should be preformed in an burly, sharp, clear-cut manner
What is rit. (Ritardando)
To gradually decrease the tempo of the music.
What is D.C al fine?
Repeat from the beginning of the music, and continue until you reach the final bar line or a double bar line marked with the word fine.
What is a slur?
Connects different notes.
What is a tie?
Connects two or more notes of the same pitch.
What is a chromatic semitone?
An interval between 2 notes at the same staff position. Eg c to c#
What is a diatonic semitone?
Interval between 2 notes of a diatonic scale. Eg. B:C
What is a staff?
A set of five lines and 4 spaces that each represents musical pitch.
What is a bar(measure)?
A measured used in writing music. Each bar is a small amount of time.
What is a tone(whole tone)
Is two semitones