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Flashcards in Music Theory Deck (51):
1

What are ledger lines?

Are use to extend the upper and lower range of a staff.

2

What is a sharp?

Raises a note by one semitones.

3

What is a flat?

Lowers a note by a semitones.

4

What is a natural?

Cancels out any accidentals.

5

What is a key signature?

Group of flats or sharps at the beginning of a piece of music which tells us what notes are raised or lowered at the beginning of the piece.

6

How many beats does a whole note get?

4 beats

7

How many beats does a half note get?

2 beats

8

How many beats does a quarter note get?

1 beat.

9

How many notes does a eighth note get?

Half a beat.

10

How many notes does a sixteenth note get?

One fourth of a beat.

11

How many beats does a dotted whole note get?

6 beats

12

How many beats does a dotted half note get?

3 beats.

13

How many notes does a dotted quarter note get?

1 and a half beats.

14

How many beats does a dotted eighth note get?

3/4 of a beat.

15

2/4 means...

There are 2 quarter notes in each bar.

16

3/4 means ...

There are 3 quarter notes in each bar.

17

4/4 means....

There are 4 quarter notes in each bar.

18

5/4 means....

There are 5 quarter notes in each bar

19

2/2 means...

There are 2 half notes in each bar.

20

6/8 means ...

There are 6 eighth notes in each bar.

21

What are semitones?

The smallest possible distance between 2 notes.

22

How many notes are in a chromatic scale?

12

23

What does a accent mean?

Play with force.

24

What is an accidental?

Flats, straps, and naturals that are not in the key signature.

25

What is crescendo?

Gradually louder.

26

What is a decrescendo?

Gradually softer.

27

What is a double bar?

Marks the end of music.

28

What is a fermata?

Hold or pause.

29

What is F?

Forte
Loud

30

What is the formula for a major scale?

TTSTTTS

31

What should there be while writing a major scale?

Should be 8 notes.
First note and last note should be the same.
Every letter must appear once.

32

What is the order of sharps?

Father
Charles
Goes
Down
And
Ends
Battle

33

What is the order of flats?

Battle
Ends
And
Down
Goes
Charles
Father

34

What is the key signatures of sharps?

F# C# G D A E B
6 7 1 2 3 4 5

35

What is the key signature for Order of flats?

Bb Eb Ab Db Gb Cb F
2 3 4 5. 6. 7. 1

36

What does P mean.

Piano
Affects the dynamics of a musical composition.

37

What does mp mean?

Mezzo piano
Half soft

38

What is mf?

Mezzo forte-medium

39

What does ff mean?

Fortissimo
Very loudly

40

What is a legato?

Musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.

41

What is staccato?

The note should be preformed in an burly, sharp, clear-cut manner

42

What is rit. (Ritardando)

To gradually decrease the tempo of the music.

43

What is D.C al fine?

Repeat from the beginning of the music, and continue until you reach the final bar line or a double bar line marked with the word fine.

44

What is a slur?

Connects different notes.

45

What is a tie?

Connects two or more notes of the same pitch.

46

What is a chromatic semitone?

An interval between 2 notes at the same staff position. Eg c to c#

47

What is a diatonic semitone?

Interval between 2 notes of a diatonic scale. Eg. B:C

48

What is a staff?

A set of five lines and 4 spaces that each represents musical pitch.

49

What is a bar(measure)?

A measured used in writing music. Each bar is a small amount of time.

50

What is a tone(whole tone)

Is two semitones

51

What does a dot do to a notes value?

Increased the value by 50%