Which 18th-century Austrian composer and multi-instrumentalist is famous for works such as "The Marriage of Figaro", "Don Giovanni", and "The Magic Flute?"
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
He was a child prodigy who began composing at a young age and is remembered for composing tirelessly. In spite of his fame, he had little financial security and died of an illness at the age of 35, famously receiving a modest funeral that resulted in his having an unmarked grave in Vienna. Other famous works include his 39th, 40th, and 41st Symphonies.
Excerpt is from "Donna Elvira."
Which 19th-century Polish composer's famous works include Sonata No. 2, Movement 3 (Funeral March) and Op. 66 (Fantaisie Impromptu)?
A pianist from age five, many of Chopin's works were written for solo piano.
Which 18th- and 19th-century German composer and pianist is best known for works such as "Ode to Joy" and "Fur Elise?"
Ludwig van Beethoven
He is famed for having continued to conduct, perform, and compose music even after becoming deaf. He is also known for the piano sonata "Moonlight" and his Symphony No. 5 in C minor, one of the most famous compositions in classical music (playing now!).
What type of music combines a musical score with the text of a play and is usually performed in a theatre accompanied by an orchestra or ensemble?
Opera started near the end of the 16th century and is part of the Western classical music tradition. Well-known opera singers include Luciano Pavarotti, Andrea Bocelli, and Anna Netrebko. Famous opera composers included Mozart, Rossini, and Bellini.
Toccata and Fugue in D minor by Johann Sebastian Bach
Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major (Eine kleine Nachtmusik) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which musical era took place between 500–1400 A.D. in the Western world, and is characterized by simple woodwind and string instruments?
This was the dawn of music notation. Music of this time was either sacred (religious) or secular (non-religious), and consisted of increasingly complex chants.
Bagatelle No. 25 in A minor (Für Elise) by Ludwig van Beethoven
Adagio for Strings by Samuel Barber
Treble clef (G clef)
The treble clef symbol is used to show where the pitch G, denoted by the center spiral, above middle C is located on the staff. It is also the most common clef in music notation, used by violin, flute, trumpet, and many other instruments.
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Fourth Movement (Ode to Joy) by Ludwig van Beethoven
Minuet in G minor by Johann Sebastian Bach
Which 19th- and 20th-century Italian opera composer is most famous for operas including La Bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly?
Which musical era took place between 1730–1820 A.D., introducing smaller musical groups such as trios and string quartets, along with lighter, more beautiful compositions?
Composers of this era include Beethoven and Mozart.
Which Italian composer of opera during the Romantic Period is best known for his operas Aida (specifically the "Grand March") and Rigoletto?
What style of dance music characterized by a heavy bass line originated in Jamaica in the 1960s?
Reggae borrows stylistically from jazz, rock and roll, and R&B. Bob Marley is arguably the most famous reggae musician of all time.
Alto and tenor clef (C clef)
This clef points to the line or space representing middle C. Also called the "alto clef," it is used primarily for the viola.
Minim, or half note
Note lasting half as long as the semibreve (whole note), and twice as long as the crochet (quarter note), or two beats in 4/4 time.
Peer Gynt Suite No. 1, Op. 46 (In the Hall of the Mountain King) by Edvard Grieg
Bass clef (F clef)
The line or space between the dots in this clef denotes F below middle C. This clef is used for instruments such as trombone and tuba.
Music is to be played softly.
Which musical era took place between 1780–1910 A.D., and focused on themes such as emotion, fantasy, and history?
Composers of this era include Chopin, Brahms, and Tchaikovsky.
What is the western style of instrumental music with strict musical conventions that has spanned 10 centuries?
Well-known classical artists include Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven, and John Williams
Concerto No. 1 in E major, Op. 8, RV 269 (Spring) by Antonio Vivaldi
Raises the pitch of a note by one semitone, or half step.
Which 19th- and 20th-century Romantic composer was inspired by Wagner's music and is most famous for his 5th Symphony?
Rhapsody in Blue by George Gershwin
Canon in D by Johann Pachelbel
The Marriage of Figaro by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which 19th-century German composer of operas is famous for works such as Bridal Chorus and Ride of the Valkyries?