Flashcards in My Words_Defined_REV_FOR IPHONE500thru550 Deck (343):
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
resembling nacre; lustrous; pearly.
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
new or newly coined word or phrase
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
a set or system of names or terms, as those used in a particular science or art, by an individual or community, etc
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
bow (to show respect and obedience)
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given line or surface; slanting; sloping.
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
refuse; rubbish; garbage.
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
government by a privileged few
all-powerful; having unlimited power
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
to hold or express an opinion.
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
(of the voice or speech) characterized by strength, fullness, richness, and clearness.
change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
a wide-ranging and impressive array or display:
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
to cut off the outer coating, layer, or part of.
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N.
upstart; newly rich person
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
capable of producing disease: pathogenic bacteria.
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
to steal or take dishonestly (money, especially public funds, or property entrusted to one's care); embezzle.
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
journey; V. peregrinate
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
attractive (in personality or appearance)
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
to become spread throughout all parts of: Spring pervaded the air.
to practice chicanery of any sor
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
flexible; easily influenced
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
to lay down or assume as a fact or principle; postulate.
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
a concise summary.
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
advanced in development; N. precocity
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
predict (according to present indications)
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
nearness; ADJ. proximate
cautious; careful; prudential
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
powerful; mighty; potent.
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
an establishment or reestablishment of harmonious relations:
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
countercharges; V. recriminate
breaking out afresh or into renewed activity; revival or reappearance in active existence.
to come up again for consideration, as a question.
formidable; causing fear
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
any similar revival in the world of art and learning.
meal; feast; banquet
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
disown; disavow; deny
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion.
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
quick sharp reply; V.
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who kn
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
pertaining to or connected with laughing.
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
vainglorious boasting or bragging; pretentious, blustering talk.
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
unrestrained revelry; orgy.
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
to lacerate by severe criticism.to loosen (the soil) with a type of cultivator
an act or instance of fighting a shadow or an imaginary enemy.
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
growing old; aging.
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
of, like, or befitting a seraph.
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
occurring irregularly; intermittent
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
the state of equilibrium or inactivity caused by opposing equal forces.
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
deceptive scheme; clever trick
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
conquer; bring under control
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
to produce or discharge pus, as a wound; maturate.
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
bad-tempered; rude; cross
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
a soft murmuring or rustling sound; whisper.
lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
a shifting of the normal accent, usually by stressing the normally unaccented beats.
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
habitually silent; talking little
claw of bird
only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
thin; slim; rare
to change repeatedly one's attitude or opinions with respect to a cause, subject, etc.; equivocate.
on or relating to the earth
concise; abrupt; pithy
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn
large volume; book
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
expose to slander
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness
transform; change; convert to something different
cutting; incisive; keen
to reduce to fine particles or powder by rubbing, grinding, bruising, or the like; pulverize.
a prehistoric cave dweller.
aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce
cut the top off; shorten
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
unsatisfied; not soothed
strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
plain; clear; obvious
having no previous example; novel; unparalleled
(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
reprimand; severely scold
suave; refined in manner; elegant
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
revere; treat with great respect
(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial
truthfulness; adherence to the truth
wordy; N. verbosity
green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
pertaining to spring
trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion
change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
lively or energetic spirit; enthusiasm; vitality.
clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street
act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.
fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
having a pale or sickly color; pallid
unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
full of, marked by, or proceeding from wiles; crafty; cunning.
sweetly or innocently charming; winning; engaging: a winsome smile
withered; shriveled: a wizened old man; wizened features.
an apparition of a living person supposed to portend his or her death.
produced by a distortion or lopsidedness of the facial features: a wry grin
an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange.
a device for joining together a pair of draft animals, especially oxen, usually consisting of a crosspiece with two bow-shaped pieces, each enclosing the head of an animal.
fervor for a person, cause, or object; eager desire or endeavor; enthusiastic diligence; ardor.
an excessively zealous person; fanatic.
a highest point or state; culmination.