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Flashcards in My Words_Defined_REV_FOR IPHONE500thru550 Deck (343):
1

mores

conventions; moral standards; moral customs

2

morose

ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy

3

multifarious

varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities

4

mundane

worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world

5

munificent

very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience

6

myopic

nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia

7

myriad

very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand

8

myriamid

#N/A

9

nacrease

resembling nacre; lustrous; pearly.

10

nadir

lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith

11

naivet\'e(naivety)

quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous

12

narcissist

conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus

13

nascent

incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music

14

nebulous

vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal

15

negligible

so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded

16

neologism

new or newly coined word or phrase

17

neophyte

recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant

18

nepotism

favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew

19

nettle

irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome

20

#N/A

#N/A

21

noisome

foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome

22

nomenclature

terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things

23

nominal

in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint

24

nomenclature

a set or system of names or terms, as those used in a particular science or art, by an individual or community, etc

25

nostrum

questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)

26

nuance

shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction

27

numismatist

person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals

28

obdurate

stubborn; refusing to change one's belief

29

obeisance

bow (to show respect and obedience)

30

obfuscate

confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand

31

oblique

neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given line or surface; slanting; sloping.

32

obligatory

binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate

33

oblique

indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference

34

obsequious

slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic

35

obstinate

stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy

36

obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need

37

occlude

shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.

38

odious

arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile

39

offal

refuse; rubbish; garbage.

40

officious

meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy

41

oligarchy

government by a privileged few

42

omnipotent

all-powerful; having unlimited power

43

onerous

burdensome

44

opaque

dark; not transparent; N. opacity

45

opine

to hold or express an opinion.

46

opprobrium

infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous

47

opulence

extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant

48

orotune

(of the voice or speech) characterized by strength, fullness, richness, and clearness.

49

ossify

change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas

50

ostensible

apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition

51

ostentatious

showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display

52

ostracize

banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism

53

overwrought

nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done

54

palatial

of or suitable for a palace; magnificent

55

palliate

ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)

56

pallid

pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion

57

panacea

cure-all; remedy for all diseases

58

panache

flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache

59

panegyric

formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.

60

panoply

a wide-ranging and impressive array or display:

61

paradigm

model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word

62

paradox

something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct

63

paragon

model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue

64

paraphrase

restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words

65

pare

to cut off the outer coating, layer, or part of.

66

pariah

social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah

67

parley

conference (between opponents); CF. speak

68

parry

ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N.

69

parvenu

upstart; newly rich person

70

pastiche

imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists

71

pathogenic

capable of producing disease: pathogenic bacteria.

72

paucity

scarcity; dearth

73

peccadillo

slight offense or fault; CF. sin

74

peculate

to steal or take dishonestly (money, especially public funds, or property entrusted to one's care); embezzle.

75

pedant

scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities

76

pedantic

bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry

77

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry

78

pejorative

(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.

79

penchant

strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars

80

pensive

dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over

81

penury

extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy

82

peregrination

journey; V. peregrinate

83

perfidious

treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery

84

perfunctory

done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss

85

peripatetic

walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy

86

peripheral

of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest

87

permeable

that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge

88

pernicious

very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia

89

perquisite(perk)

any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car

90

personable

attractive (in personality or appearance)

91

perspicacious

(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute

92

pervade

to become spread throughout all parts of: Spring pervaded the air.

93

pettifogger

to practice chicanery of any sor

94

phalanx

formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)

95

philanthropist

lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy

96

philistine

narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete

97

phlegmatic

calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract

98

pithy

concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty

99

pittance

small amount (of money); small allowance or wage

100

placate

pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease

101

plasticity

ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay

102

platitude

trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous

103

plebeian

common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician

104

plethora

excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses

105

plexiform

intricate; complex.

106

pliant

flexible; easily influenced

107

pluck

courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave

108

poignancy

quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick

109

polemic

attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy

110

politic

prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised

111

polyglot

speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.

112

pontifical

pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop

113

posit

to lay down or assume as a fact or principle; postulate.

114

potentate

monarch; sovereign

115

pragmatic

practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill

116

prattle

talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate

117

precipitate

hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden

118

precis

a concise summary.

119

preclude

make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate

120

precocious

advanced in development; N. precocity

121

predilection

preference; partiality

122

prescience

ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient

123

pretext

excuse

124

prevaricate

lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)

125

pristine

unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition

126

probity

uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility

127

proclivity

inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)

128

prodigal

wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality

129

prodigious

enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory

130

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy

131

prognosticate

predict (according to present indications)

132

proletarian

member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)

133

proliferate

grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation

134

prolific

producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer

135

prolixity

tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse

136

promulgate

announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication

137

propinquity

nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship

138

propitiate

appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory

139

propriety

fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary

140

prosaic

lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose

141

proscribe

prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw

142

protean

able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will

143

protract

prolong; lengthen in time; draw out

144

provident

providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident

145

proximity

nearness; ADJ. proximate

146

prudent

cautious; careful; prudential

147

puerile

childish; immature; CF. puer: boy

148

pugilist

boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing

149

pugnacity

combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature

150

pulchritude

beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous

151

pungent

stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency

152

pusillanimous

cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted

153

puissant

powerful; mighty; potent.

154

putative

supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child

155

quandary

dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.

156

querulous

given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining

157

quiescent

dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence

158

quintessence

purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence

159

quixotic

idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote

160

quotidian

daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine

161

raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

162

raproachment

an establishment or reestablishment of harmonious relations:

163

rarefied

made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction

164

rebuff

reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.

165

reconcile

make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs

166

recrimination

countercharges; V. recriminate

167

recrudecense

breaking out afresh or into renewed activity; revival or reappearance in active existence.

168

recur

to come up again for consideration, as a question.

169

redoubtable

formidable; causing fear

170

redress

remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for

171

refractory

unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse

172

refulgent

effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon

173

rejoinder

reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply

174

remonstrate

protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest

175

remunerative

(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble

176

renaisance

any similar revival in the world of art and learning.

177

repast

meal; feast; banquet

178

replete

fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors

179

repose

resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man

180

reprobate

morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?

181

repudiate

disown; disavow; deny

182

requite

make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal

183

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

184

resolute

firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion.

185

restive

impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'

186

reticent

inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence

187

retort

quick sharp reply; V.

188

rhetoric

art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who kn

189

ribald

marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke

190

risible

pertaining to or connected with laughing.

191

rococo

ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century

192

rodomontade

vainglorious boasting or bragging; pretentious, blustering talk.

193

ruminate

chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)

194

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person

195

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

196

sagacious

wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity

197

salient

prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features

198

salubrious

healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health

199

sanctimonious

displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety

200

sanction

approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance

201

sanguine

optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red

202

sardonic

scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile

203

satiate

satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated

204

saturate

soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity

205

saturnalia

unrestrained revelry; orgy.

206

saturnine

morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.

207

scarify

to lacerate by severe criticism.to loosen (the soil) with a type of cultivator

208

sciamachy

an act or instance of fighting a shadow or an imaginary enemy.

209

scintilla

trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark

210

sciolist

superficial knowledge

211

scrupulous

conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker

212

scurrilous

abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark

213

sedition

conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious

214

senescent

growing old; aging.

215

sentient

capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience

216

seraphic

of, like, or befitting a seraph.

217

sinecure

well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif

218

slake

satisfy (thirst); quench; sate

219

sobriquiet

a nickname.

220

solecism

nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette

221

solicitous

anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude

222

sonorous

resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound

223

sophistry

seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism

224

soporific

sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy

225

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life

226

specious

seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)

227

spendthrift

someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth

228

sporadic

occurring irregularly; intermittent

229

sportive

playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike

230

spurious

false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments

231

squalor

condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story

232

stasis

the state of equilibrium or inactivity caused by opposing equal forces.

233

stereotype

one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype

234

stigma

token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful

235

stoic

stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism

236

stolid

dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected

237

stratagem

deceptive scheme; clever trick

238

stricture

severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction

239

strident

loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency

240

subjugate

conquer; bring under control

241

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

242

subterfuge

stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge

243

succor

assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.

244

sully

defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor

245

superannuated

retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete

246

supercilious

haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium

247

supine

lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision

248

supplant

take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace

249

supplicate

petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

250

supposition

assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose

251

suppurated

to produce or discharge pus, as a wound; maturate.

252

surfeit

satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food

253

surly

bad-tempered; rude; cross

254

surreptitious

done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden

255

susurrus

a soft murmuring or rustling sound; whisper.

256

sybarite

lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy

257

sycophant

servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic

258

symbiosis

interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life

259

syncopation

a shifting of the normal accent, usually by stressing the normally unaccented beats.

260

tacit

understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement

261

taciturn

habitually silent; talking little

262

talon

claw of bird

263

tangential

only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent

264

tantamount

equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount

265

tawdry

cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry

266

temerity

boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work

267

tenuous

thin; slim; rare

268

tersgiversation

to change repeatedly one's attitude or opinions with respect to a cause, subject, etc.; equivocate.

269

terrestrial

on or relating to the earth

270

terse

concise; abrupt; pithy

271

tirade

long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation

272

toady

servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn

273

tome

large volume; book

274

torpor

lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating

275

traduce

expose to slander

276

transient

staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient

277

transitory

transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness

278

transmute

transform; change; convert to something different

279

trenchant

cutting; incisive; keen

280

triturate

to reduce to fine particles or powder by rubbing, grinding, bruising, or the like; pulverize.

281

troglodyte

a prehistoric cave dweller.

282

truculence

aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce

283

truncate

cut the top off; shorten

284

turbid

(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick

285

turgid

swollen; distended (as from liquid)

286

tyro

beginner; novice

287

ubiquitous

being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity

288

umbrage

resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness

289

unassuaged

unsatisfied; not soothed

290

uncanny

strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack

291

unconscionable

unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand

292

unequivocal

plain; clear; obvious

293

unprecedented

having no previous example; novel; unparalleled

294

untenable

(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained

295

unwarranted

unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved

296

upbraid

reprimand; severely scold

297

urbane

suave; refined in manner; elegant

298

usury

lending money at illegal high rates of interest

299

vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation

300

vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity

301

vanguard

forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard

302

vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture

303

variegate

change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)

304

variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

305

venal

capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal

306

vendetta

blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams

307

venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get

308

venerate

revere; treat with great respect

309

venial

(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial

310

veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth

311

verbose

wordy; N. verbosity

312

verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows

313

vernacular

living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular

314

vernal

pertaining to spring

315

vestige

trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

316

vex

annoy; distress

317

vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China

318

vilify

slander; speak evil of; N. vilification

319

vim

lively or energetic spirit; enthusiasm; vitality.

320

vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator

321

vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak

322

viscous

(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency

323

vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

324

vituperative

abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

325

volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street

326

volition

act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.

327

voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

328

waive

give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim

329

wan

having a pale or sickly color; pallid

330

wanton

unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause

331

waver

move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing

332

whimsical

erratic; unpredictable:

333

wily

full of, marked by, or proceeding from wiles; crafty; cunning.

334

winsome

sweetly or innocently charming; winning; engaging: a winsome smile

335

wizened

withered; shriveled: a wizened old man; wizened features.

336

wraight

an apparition of a living person supposed to portend his or her death.

337

wry

produced by a distortion or lopsidedness of the facial features: a wry grin

338

xenophobia

an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange.

339

yoke

a device for joining together a pair of draft animals, especially oxen, usually consisting of a crosspiece with two bow-shaped pieces, each enclosing the head of an animal.

340

zeal

fervor for a person, cause, or object; eager desire or endeavor; enthusiastic diligence; ardor.

341

zealot

an excessively zealous person; fanatic.

342

zenth

a highest point or state; culmination.

343

zephyr

a gentle, mild breeze.