Mycobacterial Diseases (respiratory pathology) Flashcards Preview

Clinical Pathology > Mycobacterial Diseases (respiratory pathology) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mycobacterial Diseases (respiratory pathology) Deck (10):
1

What is mycobacteria?

-slender bacillus
-usual waxy cell wall due to high lipid content
-slow growing

2

What stains are used for mycobacterium?

-Ziehl Neelsen (ZN)
-Phenol auramine

(doesn't take up gram stains)

3

what disease is associated with M.bovis?

Tuberculosis in cattle

4

what disease is M.marinum associated with?

fish tank granuloma

5

What disease is M.avium and M.Kansasii associated with?

HIV

6

What is the most common site for primary tuberculosis?

Periphery of lung midzone

7

when is tuberculosis reactivated?

1) lowered immunity
2) over 50yrs
3) Malnuitrition
4) alcoholism
5) Debilitating illness
6) HIV
7) chronic renal failure

8

what are the sites of infection of TB? (except lung)

1) lymph nodes
2) kidneys
3) bone
4) intestines
5) brain
6) pericardium

9

when should sputum specimens be collected from TB patients?

3 specimens, 8 hours apart. One should be ealy in the morning

10

What is mantoux test?

tuberculosis sensitivity test

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