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Flashcards in Mycology 1 Deck (30):
1

Majority of fungi are _____ and non-pathogenic

Saprophytes

2

Obtain carbon by consuming other organisms

Heterotrophs

3

How do fungi reproduce?

Asexually by fragmentation, budding, and through spores

4

What do fungi cell membranes contain that is targeted by most antifungals?

Sterols (ergosterol)

5

What components of a fungi cell wall makes it plant-like?

Glucan, manna, and chitin

6

Are fungi pro- or eukaryotes?

Eukaryotes

7

Are fungi cell-bound or free-living?

Free-living

8

Why are fungi difficult to treat?

They are eukaryotes just like mammalian cells

9

Unicellular fungi

Yeast

10

Multicellular fungi

Mold

11

Has hyphae and fruiting bodies that contain spores

Mold

12

Group of tangled hyphae

Mycelium

13

Tube-like mutlicellular structures of mold

Mycelium

14

Main element of the vegetative or growing form of fungi

Hyphae

15

Hyphae are divided by cross-walls called _____

Septa

16

Coenocytic fungi

Non-septate fungi

17

Dark pigmented hyphae

Dematiaceous fungus

18

Non-pigmented hyphae

Hyaline fungus

19

Fungus invade tissues and induce pathogenic effect

Fungal infection

20

Fungal contamination or growth on food material leads to accumulation of toxins and induces severe disease when consumed

Mycotoxicoses

21

Inhaled fungal spores induce hypersensitivity

Allergies

22

Environmental fungi characteristically induce _____, _____ infection in immunocompromised hosts

Chronic, granulomatous

23

At what temperature does a fungal culture grow best?

Environmental temperatures under aerobic condition

24

Classic fungal medium

Sabouraud Dextrose Agar

25

Inhibits growth of saprophytic molds - allows selection for pathogenic fungi

Cycloheximide

26

Antifungal drugs that inhibit ergosterol

Polyenes, Azoles, Allylamines

27

Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis of fungi

Flucytosine

28

Binds to mitotic spindles and inhibits mitosis of fungi

Griseofulvin

29

Immunity to fungal infections

Cell-mediated

30

Most lesions that arise from fungal infections are _____

Granulomatous