Flashcards in Mycology 1 Deck (30):
Majority of fungi are _____ and non-pathogenic
Obtain carbon by consuming other organisms
How do fungi reproduce?
Asexually by fragmentation, budding, and through spores
What do fungi cell membranes contain that is targeted by most antifungals?
What components of a fungi cell wall makes it plant-like?
Glucan, manna, and chitin
Are fungi pro- or eukaryotes?
Are fungi cell-bound or free-living?
Why are fungi difficult to treat?
They are eukaryotes just like mammalian cells
Has hyphae and fruiting bodies that contain spores
Group of tangled hyphae
Tube-like mutlicellular structures of mold
Main element of the vegetative or growing form of fungi
Hyphae are divided by cross-walls called _____
Dark pigmented hyphae
Fungus invade tissues and induce pathogenic effect
Fungal contamination or growth on food material leads to accumulation of toxins and induces severe disease when consumed
Inhaled fungal spores induce hypersensitivity
Environmental fungi characteristically induce _____, _____ infection in immunocompromised hosts
At what temperature does a fungal culture grow best?
Environmental temperatures under aerobic condition
Classic fungal medium
Sabouraud Dextrose Agar
Inhibits growth of saprophytic molds - allows selection for pathogenic fungi
Antifungal drugs that inhibit ergosterol
Polyenes, Azoles, Allylamines
Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis of fungi
Binds to mitotic spindles and inhibits mitosis of fungi
Immunity to fungal infections