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Flashcards in Mycology Deck (74):
1

Dimorphic Fungus

Sporothrix schenckii

2

Cigar Shaped Budding Yeast

Sporothrix schenckii

3

Pigeon Droppings

Cryptococcus neoformans

4

Encapsulated Yeast Cell

Cryptococcus neoformans

5

San Joaquin Velley Fever

Coccidiodes immitis

6

Barrel Shaped Arthroconidia

Coccidiodes immitis

7

Mariner's Wheel

Coccidiodes brasilienses

8

Bird and Bat Droppings

Histoplasma capsolatum

9

Spelunker's Disease

Histoplasma capsolatum

10

Chicago Disease

Blastomyces dermatitidis

11

Gilchrist's Disease

Blastomyces dermatitidis

12

Single Budding Yeast Cell

Blastomyces dermatitidis

13

Broad Base Budding Yeast

Blastomyces dermatitidis

14

Fungus Balls

Aspergilloma
(Aspergillus fumigatis)

15

Cottage Cheese

Candida vaginalis

16

Esophageal candidiasis

Candida albicans

17

Tinea nigra

Cladosporium werneckii

18

Most common cause of outbreaks of Tinea Capitis in children

Trichophyton tonsurans

19

Crust on the Scalp

Trichophyton schoenleinii

20

Madura foot / Big foot

Pseudallescheria boydii

21

In normal candida infection

Oral Thrush
Vaginitis
Diaper rash or under breast

22

Laboratory approach diagnosis of fungal disease

Direct microscopy
Culture
DNA probe test
Serologic test

23

Skin, Hair and Nails

Trichophyton

24

Skin and Hair

Microsporium

25

Skin and Nail

Epidermophyton

26

Spaghetti and Meatballs

Malasezzia furfur

27

Tx of Pityriasis versicolor

Salicyclic acid

28

Athlete's foot

Tinea pedis

29

Jock Itch

Tinea cruris

30

Ringworm of the glabrous skin or body itch

Tinea corporis

31

Thrush, Vaginitis and Diaper rash or under breast

Candida

32

Ringworm of the scalp

Tinea capitis

33

Ringworm of the bearded region

Tinea barbae

34

Most serious of the tinea capitis

Tinea favosa/favus

35

Reagents use in diagnosis of fungi

10% KOH
Saborauds agar

36

Cutaneous mycoses

Dermatophytes
Malassezia furfur
Cladosporium werneckii

37

Subcutaneous mycoses

Sporothrix schenkii
Chromomycosis causing fungi
Fonsecaea,
Philophora
Cladosporium
Mycetoma

38

Systemic mycoses

Coccidiodmycosis
Histoplasmosis
Paracoccidiomycosis
Blastomycosis

39

Opportunistic mycoses

Candidiasis
Cryptococcosis
Aspergillosis
Mucormycosis

40

Hypopigmented spots on the chest and back

Malasezzia furfur

41

Cottage cheese or curds of milk

Candida

42

Most common cause of Candidiasis

Esophagitis

43

>90' Branching mold

Mucor and Rhizopus

44

Right Angles

Mucor and Rhizopus

45

DM px with nasal black discharges and patient px died after

Ketoacidosis (Mucormycosis)

46

Rose Gardener's Disease

Sporothrix schenkii

47

Flowerette arrangment of the candida

Sporothrix schenkii

48

Maltease cross

Babesia microti

49

Treatment for Encapsulated Yeast Cell

Fluconazole (capsule)
Amphotericine (last resort)

50

Eucalyptus tree

Cryptococcus neofromans

51

Semiarid areas

Coccidiodes immitis

52

Use for bioterrorism (air borne)

Coccidiodes immitis

53

Mold in tissue, spherule in tissue

Coccidiodes immitis

54

Pilot's wheel appearance

Coccidiodes brasiliensis

55

Thick walled cyst with multiple buds

Coccidiodes brasiliensis

56

Uncapsulated yeast cell

Histoplasmosis capsulatum

57

Oval yeast cells INSIDE macrophage

Histoplasmosis capsulatum

58

Resembles Pul. TB in Xray

Spelunker's Disease

59

Dichotomously Branching Hyphae

Aspergillus fumigatus

60

Most common benign Lung in Xray

Aspergillus fumigatus

61

Clinical forms of Aspergillus fumigatus:

Invasive Pul. Aspergillosis
Aspergilloma(fungus balls)
Otomycosis (DM px)

62

Pseudohyphae

Candida albicans

63

DOC of Pseudohyphae

Nystatin

64

Fungal wall made of

Chitin
Ergosterol

65

Most widely use as culture medium for fungi

Sabouraud's Agar

66

Imprignated agars

Chloramphenicol
Cycloheximide

67

Tx of Malassezia furfur

Tropical miconazole

68

Tx of Closporium werneckii

Salicylic acid

69

Main cause of ENDOTHRIX

Trichophyton tonsurans

70

Affects ONLY surface of the hair

Ectothrix

71

Invaded the hair shaft and inside of the hair

Endothrix

72

Cause FAVUS

Trichophyton schoenleinii

73

Most serious form causing permanent scarring and scalp hair loss

Trichophyton schoenleinii

74

"Infarction and Necrosis" of tissue distal to the blockage

Mucor and Rhizopus