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Flashcards in Mycology Deck (55)
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1

MOA of azole antifungals

inhibit ergosterol synthesis

2

allergiv bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

Aspergillus fumigatus

3

Aflatoxin causing liver cancer

Aspergillus flavus

4

Liver necrosis due to amanitin and phlloidin

Amanita mushrooms

5

Nonspecific agar for fungi

Saboraud's agar (low pH inhibits bacteria)

6

Ringworms =

Dermatophytes

7

3 important dermatophytes

derMETophytes - Microsporum canis, Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton tonsurans)

8

Green fluorescence on wood's lamp

Ringworms (specifically microsporum)

9

Spaghetti and meatballs

Malassezia furfur (Tinea versicolor/An-an)

10

Rose gardeners

Sporothrix schenckii

11

DOC for Sporotrichosis

Itraconzole or Potassium Iodide

12

Mold in soil; SPHERULE in tissue

Coccidiodes immitis

13

Transmission of Coccidiodes immitis

inhalation of ARTHROSPORES (arthrospores form spherules filled with endospores)

14

DOC for coccidiodes

Amphotericin B or Itraconazole (fluconazole if with meningitis)

15

Bird droppings, Starlings, bat guano

Histoplasma capsulatum

16

2 forms of asexual spores of H. capsulatum

Tuberculate macroconidia(diagnostic) and microconidia (infective)

17

Histoplasma Hides inside Macrophages

develop into budding yeasts inside macrophages, spreads to liver and spleen

18

Name 2 great mimickers of TB

Histoplasmosis and Paragonimus

19

Round yeast with broad based buds

Blastomyces dermatitidis

20

Most common cause of fungal pneumonia

Blastomyces dermatitidis

21

Transmission of blastomycosis

inhalation of conidia

22

DOC for blastomycosis

Itraconazole (amphotericin if severe)

23

Mariner's Wheel

Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis

24

Transmission of paracoccidioidomycosis

Inhalation of conidia

25

DOC for paracoccidiodomycosis

Itraconazole

26

5 opportunistic mycoses

Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus fumugatus; Rhizopus oryzae and Mucor spp.; Pneumocystis jiroveci

27

Oval yeast with a single bud or as pseudohyphae

Candida albicans

28

Germ tubes in serum and chlamydo-spores in culture

Candida albicans

29

DOC for oral thrush from candida

Nystatin

30

DOC for skin infections from candida

clotrimazole