Mycology EC Flashcards Preview

Evan's Step 1 Prep Material > Mycology EC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mycology EC Deck (12):
1

Histoplasmosis

Mississippi/Ohio river valley (South/midwest)

Histo Hides in macrophages

2

Blastomycosis

Mississippi river/great lakes

Blasto with Broad Based Buds

Inflammatory lung disease (bone/skin dissemination)

3

Coccidiodomycosis

Southwestern US

Pneumonia/Meningitis (disseminate to bone and skin)

4

Paracoccidiodomycosis

"Paracoccidio parasails with the CAPTIANS WHEEL all the way to LATIN AMERICA"

budding yeast with captain's wheel formation

5

Tinea versicolor

Caused by Malassezia furfur

Degradation of lipids produces acids that damage melanocytes
Hypo/Hyperpigmentation

"Spaghetti and meatball" appearance

6

Microsporum, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton

Dermatophytes

Tinea pedis (foot)
Tinea cruris (groin)
Tinea corporis (ringworm on body)
Tinea capitis (head)
Tinea unguium (fingernails)

7

Candida albicans

Opportunistic

Oral/Esophageal thrush
Vulvovaginitis
Diaper rash
Endocarditis (IV drug users)

8

Aspergillus fumagatus

Invasive aspergillosis: AIDS and chronic granulomatous disease

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: asthma or CF

Aspergillomas: TB infection

Aflatoxins can cause HCC

9

Cryptococcus neoformans

Pigeon droppings

cryptococcal meningitis

"Soap bubble" brain lesions

10

Mucor and Rhizopus

Ketoacidotic diabetic and leukemic patients

Proliferate in blood vessels, penetrate cribriform plate, and enter brain/eye

Headache, facial pain, black necrotic eschar on face

11

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Diffuse interstitial pneumonia in AIDS patients with a CD4<200

12

Sporothrix schenckii

"Rose gardener's disease"

Lives on thorn, local pustule/ulcer in skin with nodules along draining lymphatics

Decks in Evan's Step 1 Prep Material Class (72):