Myocarditis and Pericarditis Flashcards Preview

Jamie Cardiovascular Pathology > Myocarditis and Pericarditis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Myocarditis and Pericarditis Deck (15):
1

What is a cardiomyopathy?

A chronic disease of the heart muscle

2

What are the 2 main types of cardomyopathy?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy

3

What is the cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Inappropriate ventricular hypertrophy

4

Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy a familial condition?

Yes

5

When does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy usually manifest?

Early to mid teenage years

6

What effect does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have on systole?

Obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract

7

What effect does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have on diastole?

Reduces the compliance

8

How does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy usually present?

Asymptomatically

9

What are 5 symptoms of a symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Syncope
Dyspnoea
Angina
Palpitations
Sudden Death

10

What is sudden death due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy usually due to?

Ventricular fibrillation

11

What are the 3 management options of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Drugs
Surgical resection
Septal ablation

12

What is the cause of dilated myopathy?

Cardiac enlargement which reduces the contraction of one or both ventricles

13

What are 3 signs and symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Fatigue
Dyspnoea
Cardiac failure

14

What is the typical management for dilated cardiomyopathy?

As the actual cause is usually unknown, no treatment is available

15

What 2 device management routes can be taken in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy?

Implantable defibrillator
Cardiac re-synchronisation theraoy