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Flashcards in Myofascial Techniques Deck (28):

What is fascia?

  1. framework of the body
  2. fibrous connective tissue binding together body structure


What makes up fascia?

  1. Polysaccharide chains containing: glucosamine, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate


Describe the four functions fo fascia.

  1. Packaging: help divide the body into compartments
  2. Protection: help establish structures and establish limits of motion
  3. Posturing: contain proprioceptive fibers to sense movement
  4. Passages: contain arteries, nerves, veins, and lymphatics.


Where does majority of proprioception occur?

  1. 75% from fascia sheath
  2. 25% from ligaments, tendons, joint capsules, muscles spindles


What contributes to joint stiffness?

  1. Immobilization allowing for collagen crosslinking to increase and reducing mobility of joints.


What structures modify tensions, maintain biochemical integrity and efficiency within a given region?

  1. connective tissue modifies fluid content and contractile elements


Connective tissue modifying the fluid content and the contractile capabilities will allow for what adaptation?

  1. modification of tension
  2. maintainance of biochemical integrity
  3. maintain efficiency within that region


Aside from four functions already listed, what are some more?

  1. structural support: form skeleton and capsules around organs
  2. Connect body organs: ligament, tendons, fascia
  3. Protect Organs: cushions and envelopes organs, separating from surrounding tissues
  4. Metabolic function: nutritive role that mediates various exchanges of material.
  5. Store energy: high in adipose tissue
  6. Regulate diffusion of substances
  7. Form scar tissues


Explain Wolff's law

  1. Bones and soft tissue will bend/deform according to the force that is placed on them.


An Anterior-Posterior Pelvic X-ray of an amputee. The right hip is much more dense with bone than the left. This is an example of what Law?

  1. This describes the bodies compensation for Wolff's Law


Hooke's Law

The strain/deformity of an elastic object is proportional to the force of stress placed on it. 


What does Myofascial release offer a patient?

  1. peripheral neuroreflexive alterations in muscle tone and neural facilitation due to its action on mechanoreceptors.



force applied to deform a structure



Resulting deformity due to "x" amount of stress


The Big Bandage of fascial continuum model utlizes continuity of fascia in order to perform what type of techniques?

  1. proximal to distal
  2. fulcrum with leverage
  3. torsion and traction
  4. respiratory assistance
  5. reflexive neurologic test


What is an example of tensegrity with regards to deep fascial lines?

  1. ankles have deep interosseous membranes that extend up into the pelvis and into the thorax. 


Deep fascial continuity (big bandage continuum theory) would allow a person to enter the wrist and travel to where?

deep pathways to thorax, pelvis, and abdomen.

*dangerous for infections, as could lead to sepsis*


Peizoelectric model.

  1. Force that is embedded into fascia is converted into bioelectrical current that alters the orientation of the collagen and fibrin.


For the peizoelectric model to work properly what is required?

  1. Fascia with peizoelectric substance embedded within. 
  2. A mechanical force must be strong enough to activate the substance to release compounds to generate an electrcial current


What is a very abundant peizoelectric structure?

  1. Collagen.
    1. high amounts in bone are able to regulate bone growth


What type of current is able to activate osteoblasts?

  1. (-) current activates osteoblasts as they posses peizoelectric substance release.


What type of current is used to activate osteoclasts?

  1. (+) current.


How many layers are there in cervical fascia and what are they?

  1. 3 layers
    1. Subcutaneous fascia, submandibular, sternocleidomastoid, trapezius
    2. strap muscle and prevertebral fascia
    3. visceral fascia and carotid sheath


Compartment syndrome

  1. Occurs with increased intra-compartmental pressure, that impairs blood flow to distal structures.


Trauma to an area, specifically a crush trauma, is most likely to cause what type of injury?

  1. Compartment syndrome (acute)
    1. trauma affects the area that was injured and seen with fractures of muscle injuries most common


Physical activity in excess can rapidly lead to compartment syndrome, how is this possible?

  1. Chronic (exertional) compartment syndrome is common with excessive/repetititve loading or micro-trauma to specific areas.


What will help to enhance an individuals ability to treat somatic dysfunctions?

  1. proper intention: humility and respect for pt and healing process
  2. Proper Attention: look at proper anatomy
  3. Proper Activaiton: responsible for applying proper technique and supporting the healing process. 


MFR contraindications.

  1. lack of consent and lack of SD are absolute
  2. fracture, open wounds, acute thermal energy, infections, DVT, aortic aneurysm, disseminated noeplasm