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Flashcards in Mythology Deck (19)
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1

Mother Earth
Mother of the Titans
Married to Uranus (first husband)
Married to Pontus (second husband

Gaea

2

First lord of the universe
Gaea’s first husband

Uranus

3

Lord of the sea
Gaea’s second husband

Pontus

4

Son of Gaea and Uranus
Defeated his father Uranus
Would not set his brothers free from Tartarus; made Gaea mad
Married to Rhea
Swallowed his children so they couldn’t defeat him

Cronus

5

Married to Cronus
Mother of Zeus
Fooled Cronus into swallowing a stone instead of Zeus

Rhea

6

Married Metis, goddess of prudence
Freed siblings from Cronus
Defeated the Titans
Armed with lightning bolts
Lord of the Universe (after defeating father)
Married Hera, made her Queen of Olympus

Zeus

7

Queen of Olympus
Jealous of Zeus’s other wives/mistresses
Turned Io into a cow
Had a servant named Argus with 100 eyes

Hera

8

God of smiths and fire
Strong arms and weak legs (bc Zeus threw him off Olympus for being ugly)
Married to Aphrodite
Crafted weapons and jewelry

Hephaestus

9

Goddess of love
Extremely beautiful
Rose out of the sea; had no mother or father
Had a son named Eros who shot arrows of love
Wanted to be married to Ares because he was handsome

Aphrodite

10

God of war
Constant companion was Eris, the spirit of strife
Could not bear to suffer pain and threw fits when he was injured

Ares

11

Goddess of wisdom
Daughter of Metis (goddess of prudence that Zeus swallowed) and Zeus
Sprang fully formed and armed from Zeus’s head
Companion was Nike, the goddess of victory
Turned student Arachne into a spider for her pride about her weaving

Athena

12

God of shepherds, travelers, merchants and thieves
Trickster; loved to pull pranks on the other gods
Hid Apollo’s sacred cows
Bored Argus (Hera’s servant) to death by telling him a boring story
Talked his way out of being convicted for murder
Herald of the gods

Hermes

13

Lord of the sea (after Pontus)
Called the “Earthshaker” because he was destructive when angry
Armed with a Trident
Created the horse
Married Amphitrite, daughter of Nereus
Son named Triton, who had a fishtail

Poseidon

14

Conquered the dragon Python to gain control of the oracle of Delphi
God of music and the sun
Killed Orion with a giant scorpion because he was jealous of his relationship with his sister Artemis
Created a constellation of Orion to get Artemis to forgive him
Drove a golden chariot
Killed all of Niobe’s sons for disrespecting his mother

Apollo

15

Goddess of hunting and the moon
Never wanted to be married
Was close friends with Orion, a hunting partner
Killed all of Niobe’s daughters for disrespecting her mother
Promised but refused to marry Otus

Artemis

16

Lord of the dead
Had a three headed dog named Cerberus
Kidnapped Persephone
Very cold and gloomy god
Had a cap of invisibility

Hades

17

Daughter of Demeter
Caused flowers to sprout under her dancing feet
Kidnapped by Hades
Ate a pomegranate in the underworld and was forced to return once a year causing winter on the earth

Persephone

18

Goddess of the harvest
Mother of Persephone
Became so sad when she lost her daughter that she caused a perpetual winter on the earth until Persephone was returned
Taught mankind to farm and store wheat so that they wouldn’t starve during the winter

Demeter

19

God of wine
Kidnaped by pirates who thought he was a prince
Turned the pirates who kidnapped him into dolphins
Hestia gave up her throne on Olympus for him
Mother was a mortal, Princess Semele

Dionysus