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Flashcards in Mythology Regional Study Guide Deck (305):
1

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Zeus

Jupiter, Jove

2

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Hera

Juno

3

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Poseidon

Neptune

4

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Hades

Pluto, Dis

5

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Demeter

Ceres

6

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Hestia

Vesta

7

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Ares

Mars

8

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Hephaestus

Vulcan

9

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Apollo

Apollo

10

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Artemis

Diana

11

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Athena

Minerva

12

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Aphrodite

Venus

13

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Hermes

Mercury

14

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Dionysus

Bacchus

15

Give the Roman counterpart(s) for the Greek god(dess) Persephone

Proserpina

16

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Jupiter, Jove

Zeus

17

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Juno

Hera

18

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Neptune

Poseidon

19

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Pluto, Dis

Hades

20

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Ceres

Demeter

21

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Vesta

Hestia

22

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Mars

Ares

23

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Vulcan

Hephaestus

24

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Apollo

Apollo

25

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Diana

Artemis

26

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Minerva

Athena

27

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Venus

Aphrodite

28

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Mercury

Hermes

29

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Bacchus

Dionysus

30

Give the Greek counterpart for the Roman god(dess) Proserpina

Persephone

31

Which god(dess) had the job of King, weather?

Zeus

32

Which god(dess) had the job of Queen, marriage?

Hera

33

Which god(dess) had the job of Sea, earthquakes, horses?

Poseidon

34

Which god(dess) had the job of Underworld, wealth?

Hades

35

Which god(dess) had the job of Agriculture?

Demeter

36

Which god(dess) had the job of Home fire, hearth?

Hestia

37

Which god(dess) had the job of War?

Ares

38

Which god(dess) had the job of Blacksmith?

Hephaestus

39

Which god(dess) had the job of Sun, prophecy, medicine, music?

Apollo

40

Which god(dess) had the job of Hunting, moon?

Artemis

41

Which god(dess) had the job of Wisdom, war, handicrafts?

Athena

42

Which god(dess) had the job of Love and Beauty?

Aphrodite

43

Which god(dess) had the job of Messengers, laughter, thieves?

Hermes

44

Which god(dess) had the job of Wine, life giving fluids?

Dionysus

45

Which god(dess) had the job of Queen of the Underworld?

Persephone

46

What were the job(s) of Zeus?

King, weather

47

What were the job(s) of Hera?

Queen, marriage

48

What were the job(s) of Poseidon?

Sea, earthquakes, horses

49

What were the job(s) of Hades?

Underworld, wealth

50

What were the job(s) of Demeter?

Agriculture

51

What were the job(s) of Hestia?

Home fire, hearth

52

What were the job(s) of Ares?

War

53

What were the job(s) of Hephaestus?

Blacksmith

54

What were the job(s) of Apollo?

Sun, prophecy, medicine, music

55

What were the job(s) of Artemis?

Hunting, moon

56

What were the job(s) of Athena?

Wisdom, war, handicrafts

57

What were the job(s) of Aphrodite?

Love and Beauty

58

What were the job(s) of Hermes?

Messengers, laughter, thieves

59

What were the job(s) of Dionysus?

Wine, life giving fluids

60

What were the job(s) of Persephone?

Queen of the Underworld

61

Whose symbols were the Thunderbolt, eagle?

Zeus

62

Whose symbols were the Peacock, Cow?

Hera

63

Whose symbols were the Trident, Horse?

Poseidon

64

Whose symbols were the Bident, Helmet of Invisibility?

Hades

65

Whose symbols were the Stalk of Wheat?

Demeter

66

Whose symbols were the Hearth, Fire?

Hestia

67

Whose symbols were the Spear, Dog, Vulture?

Ares

68

Whose symbols were the Forge, Anvil?

Hephaestus

69

Whose symbols were the Sun, Oracle at Delphi, Lyre?

Apollo

70

Whose symbols were the Bow/Arrow, Moon?

Artemis

71

Whose symbols were the Owl, Olive, Helmet?

Athena

72

Whose symbols were the Dove, Rose?

Aphrodite

73

Whose symbols were the Caduceus, Winged Sandals?

Hermes

74

Whose symbols were the Grape Leaves, Thyrsus (stick with pinecone on top)?

Dionysus

75

Whose symbols were the Pomegranate?

Persephone

76

What were the symbol(s) of Zeus?

Thunderbolt, eagle

77

What were the symbol(s) of Hera?

Peacock, Cow

78

What were the symbol(s) of Poseidon?

Trident, Horse

79

What were the symbol(s) of Hades?

Bident, Helmet of Invisibility

80

What were the symbol(s) of Demeter?

Stalk of Wheat

81

What were the symbol(s) of Hestia?

Hearth, Fire

82

What were the symbol(s) of Ares?

Spear, Dog, Vulture

83

What were the symbol(s) of Hephaestus?

Forge, Anvil

84

What were the symbol(s) of Apollo?

Sun, Oracle at Delphi, Lyre

85

What were the symbol(s) of Artemis?

Bow/Arrow, Moon

86

What were the symbol(s) of Athena?

Owl, Olive, Helmet

87

What were the symbol(s) of Aphrodite?

Dove, Rose

88

What were the symbol(s) of Hermes?

Caduceus, Winged Sandals

89

What were the symbol(s) of Persephone?

Pomegranate

90

What were the symbol(s) of Persephone?

Pomegranate

91

Who was the mother of Theseus?

Aethra

92

Who was the father of Theseus?

Aegeus (Poseidon?)

93

Who was the mother of Perseus?

Danae

94

Who was the father of Perseus?

Zeus

95

Who was the mother of Heracles?

Alcmene

96

Who was the father of Heracles?

Zeus (mortal dad = Amphitryon)

97

Who was the mother of Achilles?

Thetis

98

Who was the father of Achilles?

Peleus

99

Who was the mother of Aeneas?

Aphrodite

100

Who was the father of Aeneas?

Anchises

101

Who was the mother of Hector?

Hecuba

102

Who was the father of Hector?

Priam

103

Who was the mother of Paris?

Hecuba

104

Who was the father of Paris?

Priam

105

Who was the mother of Cassandra?

Hecuba

106

Who was the father of Cassandra?

Priam

107

Who was the mother of Helenus?

Hecuba

108

Who was the father of Helenus?

Priam

109

Who was the mother of Agamemnon?

Aerope

110

Who was the father of Agamemnon?

Atreus

111

Who was the mother of Menelaus?

Aerope

112

Who was the father of Menelaus?

Atreus

113

Who was the mother of Orestes?

Clytemnestra

114

Who was the father of Orestes?

Agamemnon

115

Who was the mother of Electra?

Clytemnestra

116

Who was the father of Electra?

Agamemnon

117

Who was the mother of Iphigenia?

Clytemnestra

118

Who was the father of Iphigenia?

Agamemnon

119

Who was the mother of Jason?

Alcimide

120

Who was the father of Jason?

Aeson

121

Who was the mother of Odysseus?

Aniclea

122

Who was the father of Odysseus?

Laertes

123

Who was the father of Medea?

Aeetes

124

Who was the father of Daphne?

Peneius

125

Who was the mother of Ariadne?

Pasiphae

126

Who was the father of Ariadne?

Minos

127

Who was the mother of Phaedra?

Pasiphae

128

Who was the father of Phaedra?

Minos

129

Who was the mother of Astyanax?

Andromache

130

Who was the father of Astyanax?

Hector

131

Who was the mother of Ascanius (Iulus)?

Creusa

132

Who was the father of Ascanius (Iulus)?

Aeneas

133

Who was the mother of Andromeda?

Cassiopeia

134

Who was the father of Andromeda?

Cepheus

135

Who was the mother of Dionysus?

Semele

136

Who was the father of Dionysus?

Zeus

137

Who was the mother of Hermes?

Maia

138

Who was the father of Hermes?

Zeus

139

Who was the mother of Apollo?

Leto

140

Who was the father of Apollo?

Zeus

141

Who was the mother of Artemis?

Leto

142

Who was the father of Artemis?

Zeus

143

Who was the mother of Sarpedon?

Europa

144

Who was the father of Sarpedon?

Zeus

145

Who was the mother of Minos?

Europa

146

Who was the father of Minos?

Zeus

147

Who was the mother of Rhadamanthys?

Europa

148

Who was the father of Rhadamanthys?

Zeus

149

Who was the mother of Aeacus?

Aegina

150

Who was the father of Aeacus?

Zeus

151

Who was the mother of Helen?

Leda

152

Who was the father of Helen?

Zeus

153

Who was the mother of Polydeuces?

Leda

154

Who was the father of Polydeuces?

Zeus

155

Who was the mother of Castor?

Leda

156

Who was the father of Castor?

Tyndareus

157

Who was the mother of Clytemnestra?

Leda

158

Who was the father of Clytemnestra?

Tyndareus

159

Who was the mother of Telemachus?

Penelope

160

Who was the father of Telemachus?

Odysseus

161

Who does this describe: boasted better weaver than Athena; turned into a spider?

Arachne

162

Who does this describe: fastest runner; run faster to marry her; Hippomenes used Golden Apples to beat her; forgot to thank Aphrodite – turned into lions?

Atalanta

163

Who does this describe: golden touch; said Pan was a better musician than Apollo – donkey ears – reeds?

Midas

164

Who does this describe: flew too close to sun with wings dad (Daedalus) made; Icarian sea?

Icarus

165

Who does this describe: tamed Pegasus with a golden bridle; killed Chimaera; tried to fly Pegasus to Olympus?

Bellerophon

166

Who does this describe: asked dad (sun god) to drive chariot of sun; couldn't handle horses, burned earth, etc; lightning bolt?

Phaethon

167

Which couple does this describe: repopulated earth with stones thrown over their shoulders?

Deucalion and Pyrrha

168

Which couple does this describe: hospitable to Zeus and Hermes dressed as beggars; became priests of Zeus' temple; died together – became trees (oak and linden)?

Baucis and Philemon

169

Which couple does this describe: Romeo and Juliet; talked through crack in wall; met at mulberry bush; he kills himself when he thinks she was eaten by a lion, then she kills herself; mulberries turn red.?

Pyramus and Thisbe

170

Which couple does this describe: She is goddess of Dawn, asks Zeus for immortality for hr lover – forgets to ask for eternal youth – he is turned into a grasshopper.?

Aurora and Tithonus

171

Who does this describe: son of Oeneus and Althaea; kills Calydonian Boar; gives Atalanta trophy; uncles mad – fight – he kills uncles; mom kills him by burning the log that had the same life span.?

Meleager

172

Who was punished in the Undeworld by being placed on a spinning wheel of fire?

Ixion

173

Who was punished in the Undeworld with a bird eating his liver daily?

Tityus

174

Who was punished in the Undeworld by having to eternally roll a boulder up a hill?

Sisyphus

175

Who was punished in the Undeworld with eternal hunger and thirst?

Tantalus

176

Who was punished in the Undeworld by having to carry leaky buckets?

Danaids

177

What was Heracles' birth name?

Alcides

178

In what form did Zeus visit Alcmene to father Heracles?

her husband Amphitryon

179

Hera always hated Heracles. What did she do to him when he was 8 months old?

sent 2 snakes to kill him (he strangled them)

180

Hera always hated Heracles. What did she do to him when was older?

she made him go insane and he killed his wife Megaera and their children

181

What did Heracles do after he killed his wife and children?

went to the oracle at Delphi

182

What did the oracle instruct Heracles to do?

change his name to Heracles and go to his cousin Eurytheus to do the 12 Labors

183

What was the 1st of the Twelve Labors?

Slay the Nemean Lion

184

What was the 2nd of the Twelve Labors?

Slay the 9-headed Lernean Hydra

185

What was the 3rd of the Twelve Labors?

Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis

186

What was the 4th of the Twelve Labors?

Capture the Erymanthian Boar

187

What was the 5th of the Twelve Labors?

Clean the Augean stables in a single day

188

What was the 6th of the Twelve Labors?

Slay the Stymphalian Birds

189

What was the 7th of the Twelve Labors?

Capture the Cretan Bull

190

What was the 8th of the Twelve Labors?

Steal the Mares of Diomedes

191

What was the 9th of the Twelve Labors?

Obtain the Girdle of the Amazon Queen

192

What was the 10th of the Twelve Labors?

Obtain the Cattle of the Monster Geryon

193

What was the 11th of the Twelve Labors?

Steal the Apples of the Hesperides

194

What was the 12th of the Twelve Labors?

Capture Cerberus

195

Who was Heracles' second wife?

Deianeira

196

Who was Deineira attacked by?

Nessus the centaur

197

What did Nessus give to Deineira?

His blood letting her think it was a love potion; but it was really poison

198

What did Deineira use Nessus' "love potion" on?

a cloak for Heracles

199

What happened to Heracles when he put on the cloak?

He caught on fire

200

Who did Heracles ask to build his funeral pyre?

Philoctetes

201

Once deified, who did Heracles marry?

Hebe (goddess of youth and daughter of Hera

202

Who was Jason's father?

Aeson

203

Where was Aeson king?

Iolcus

204

Who took Iolcus from Aeson?

Aeson's brother Pelias

205

Where did Aeson send Jason to be raised?

the centaur Chiron

206

What oracle did Pelias hear?

that he should beware the man with one shoe

207

When returning to Iolcus after being old enough, how does Jason lose his shoe?

helping an old lady cross a river

208

Who was the old lady who Jason helps cross a river?

Hera in disguise

209

What does Pelias suggest Jason do when Jason arrives in Iolcus?

that he should get the Golden Fleece

210

What is the name of the ship that Jason and his crew sail in?

the Argo

211

What is the collective name for Jason and his crew?

the Argonauts

212

Where do the Argonauts go to get the Golden Fleece?

Colchis

213

What was the name of the clashing rocks Jason had to pass through to get to Colchis?

Symplegades

214

Who was the King of Colchis when Jason sought the Golden Fleece?

Aeetes

215

What three tasks does King Aeetes demand of Jason before he hands over the fleece?

sow the ground with fire breathing bulls, plant teeth of a dragon and fight the men who grow from these teeth.

216

Who is the daughter of Aeetes who helps Jason with the tasks her father demands?

Medea

217

Who was the brother of Medea who she kills in order to escape with Jason?

Absyrtus

218

How does Medea have Pelias killed?

She tricks Pelias' daughters into killing him

219

After Pelias is killed, where do Jason and Medea sail?

Corinth, where they live there with their sons for 10 years

220

Who does Jason fall in love with in Corinth?

the princess of Corinth, Glauce

221

When Jason divorces Medea for Glauce, what does Medea do?

She kills Glauce as well as Medea's own sons

222

How does Jason die?

a piece of the Argo fall on him

223

Who was the mother of Theseus and where was she from?

Aethra, princess of Troezen

224

Who was the father of Theseus and where was he from?

Aegeus, king of Athens

225

Who is sometimes claimed to be the father of Theseus?

Poseidon

226

What does Aegeus leave for Theseus for when Theseus is older?

a sword and a pair of sandals

227

Where did Aegeus place a pair of sandals and a sword?

under a boulder

228

When it was time for Theseus to visit Athens, which path does he choose to take and why?

he chose to go by land because it was harder

229

Who is the first bandit Theseus faced?

Periphetes

230

What was significant about the way Periphetes killed people?

beats people with golden club

231

Who is the second bandit Theseus faced?

Sinis, the pine-bender

232

What was significant about the way Sinis killed people?

tied people to two trees (ripped them apart)

233

Who is the third bandit Theseus faced?

Sciron

234

What was significant about the way Sciron killed people?

makes people wash his feet, and then would push themm off a cliff to a man-eating turtle

235

Who is the fourth bandit Theseus faced?

Procrustes, the stretcher

236

What was significant about the way Procrustes killed people?

he was an innkeeper who stretched people to fit a specific bed

237

Before Theseus had arrived in Athens, who had been killed by the Marathonian Bull?

Androgeos

238

Who was Androgeos the son of?

Minos

239

Where was Minos king?

Crete

240

What did Minos demand from Athens?

7 youths and 7 maidens be sent to him from Athens every 7 years to feed the Minotaur

241

Where was the Minotaur housed?

in the Labyrinth on the island of Crete

242

Who designed the Labyrinth, and was afterwards trapped inside by Minos?

Daedalus

243

Who was Daedalus' son?

Icarus

244

Who helped Theseus through the Labyrinth?

Ariadne

245

Who was Ariadne the daughter of?

Minos

246

How did Ariadne help Theseus?

told Theseus to use yarn to find his way out of the Labyrinth

247

Who slayed the Minotaur?

Theseus

248

Where did Theseus and Ariadne stop on their way back to Athens?

Naxos

249

Why did Theseus leave Ariadne of Naxos?

Dionysus came to Theseus in a dream and asked him to leave Ariadne on the island

250

What happened to Ariadne after she was left on Naxos?

she met Dionysus and married him

251

What did Aegeus ask of Theseus before Theseus went to Crete, and what did Theseus do?

Aegeus had asked Theseus to put up a white sail if he was successful against the Minotaur. In his excitement, Theseus forgot to take down the black sails.

252

What did Aegeus do when he saw the black sails?

jumped into the sea from a cliff (thus naming the sea “Aegean.”)

253

Why did Acrisius put his daughter in a bronze tower?

he heard from an oracle that any of her children would kill him.

254

Who was the daughter of Acrisius?

Danae

255

In what form did Zeus visit Danae to father Perseus?

a shower of gold

256

What did Acrisius do to Danae and Perseus?

put Danae and Perseus in a box and set it out to sea

257

Where did Danae and Perseus wash ashore?

island of Seriphos

258

Who found Danae and Perseus in the box?

Dictys

259

Who was Dictys' brother?

King Polydectes

260

When he grew up, Perseus had no money for a present for King Polydectes, so what did he promised to bring him?

the head of Medusa

261

What was significant about the head of Medusa?

it could turn men to stone

262

What group was Medusa a member?

Gorgons

263

Name 4 people who helped Perseus in his quest

Hermes, Athena, the Graiae, and the Nymphs of the North (Stygian Nymphs or Hyperboreans)

264

What was significant about the Graiae?

sisters of the Gorgons, they shared 1 eye and 1 tooth among the 3 of them

265

Name the 4 gifts Perseus received from the people who helped him.

curved sword, invisible helmet, winged sandals, and a bag that could be any size

266

How did Perseus kill Medusa and escape?

Perseus used the shiny part of his shield to “see” Medusa by her reflection. He killed her with the sword. Perseus put her head in the bag. He wore the helmet of invisibility to escape Medusa’s 2 sister Gorgons and flew off with the winged sandals.

267

Who sprangs from the severed head of Medusa?

Pegasus and Chrysaor

268

Who were the 2 sister Gorgons of Medusa?

Euryale and Stheno

269

On the way back to Seriphos, where did Perseus pass?

Ethiopia

270

Who ruled Ethiopa when Perseus was there?

King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia

271

What did Cassiopeia boast about?

Cassiopeia had boasted that her daughter Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids

272

What did Poseidon send to Ethiopia after Cassiopeia boasted?

the sea monster Cetus

273

Who was sacrificed to Cetus in order that it not demolish the whole city?

Andromeda

274

Who slew Cetus to save Andromeda?

Perseus

275

Who was Andromeda's fiance?

Phineus

276

What happened to Phineus of Ethiopia after Perseus claimed Andromeda in marriage?

Phineus was upset by this and soon turned to stone by the head of Medusa

277

On returning to Seriphos, what did Perseus do to King Polydectes?

turned him to stone

278

What did Perseus do with the head of Medusa after turning Polydectes to stone?

gave it to Athena to put on her shield

279

Before settling down, where did Perseus and Andromeda to for an athletic event?

Larissa

280

What happened when Perseus threw a discus at the athletic event in Larissa?

he slipped and hit an old man in the crowd by mistake. This man was Acrisius, his grandfather, and so, the oracle that a son of Danae would kill Acrisius, came true.

281

List the 9 Muses and their jobs.

1. Calliope (Epic Poetry)2. Clio (History)3. Erato (Love Poetry)4. Euterpe (Music)5. Melpomene (Tragedy)6. Polyhymnia (Hymns)7. Terpsichore (Dance)8. Thaleia (Comedy)9. Urania (Astronomy)

282

What is another name for the Graces?

Charities

283

List the 3 Graces and their jobs.

1. Aglaia (Beauty)2. Euphrosyne (Mirth)3. Thalia (Good Cheer)

284

Give two other names for the Fates.

Moirae/Parcae

285

List the 3 Fates and their jobs.

1. Clotho (spinner)2. Lachesis (allotter)3. Atropos (cutter of the thread/inevitable)

286

Give two other names for the Furies.

Erinyes/Eumenides

287

List the 3 Furies.

1. Alecto2. Megaera3. Tisiphone

288

List the 5 river of the Underworld and their traits.

1. Styx (hate/ oaths of gods)2. Lethe (forgetfulness)3. Plegethon (fire)4. Cocytus (wailing)5. Acheron (pain)

289

What monster is described here: whirpool

Charybdis

290

What monster is described here: part lion, goat, snake

Chimera

291

What monster is described here: 3 headed dog

Cerberus

292

What monster is described here: Horse's body/man's torso, head, arms

Centaur

293

What monster is described here: mother of all monsters – half nymph, half snake

Echidna

294

What monster is described here: 2 headed dog

Orthus

295

What monster is described here: part goat, part man

Satyr

296

What monster is described here: six-headed monster

Scylla

297

During the Torjan War, who was King of Sparta, husband of Helen

Menelaus

298

During the Torjan War, who was King of Mycenae/king of the Greeks; husband of Clytemnestra

Agamemnon

299

During the Torjan War, who was the Best fighter of Greeks; son of Pelias and Thetis

Achilles

300

During the Torjan War, who was the 2nd greatest fighter of Greeks, vied with Odysseus for Achilles' armor (lost)

Ajax the Greater

301

During the Torjan War, who thought up wooden horse; King of Ithaka, husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus; took 10 years to return home from Trojan War.

Odysseus

302

During the Torjan War, who was King of Troy; name means "ransomed one" originally named Podarces

Priam

303

During the Torjan War, who was the wife of Priam; mother of Hector, Priam, Cassandra, Helenus and others

Hecuba

304

During the Torjan War, who was the best fighter of Trojans, killed by Achilles

Hector

305

During the Torjan War, who was the son of Priam, "stole" Helen, killed Achilles with an arrow (with help of Apollo)

Paris