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Flashcards in Names + extra Deck (23):
1

Thomas malthus

An Essay on the Principle of Population, populations cannot grow forever, eventually some resource will limit their growth

2

Gregor Mendal

discrete particles of inheritance

3

Ibn Hayyan, Abu Rayhan al-biruni, ibn sina

deductive resoning

4

Theodosius Dobzhansky

Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution
species should be defined by reprodctive isolation

5

Dmitri Ivanovsky

discovered first virus, tobacco mosaic virus

6

Viroids discovered by

Theodor Diener

7

Stanley Prusiner

announced his team had purified the hypothetical infectious prion

8

Biodiversity first used by

Edward O Wilson

9

Emil Hans Willi Hennig

proposed cladistics

10

Ernst Mayr

having common gene pool and producing fertile offspring

11

Alfred russel Wallace

convinced darwin to publish

12

Darwins first thoughts on

Hms beagle as a naturalist

13

Thomas Malthus

populations cannot grow forever, eventually some resource will limit it's growth

14

anton von leewenhoek

discovered first living cells

15

cells first discovered by

robert hooke

16

schwann and schleiden

suggested cells are the basic unit of life (cell-theory)

17

Rudolf virchow

concluded all cells come from preexisting cells(cell-theory)

18

Aristotle

believed species were fixed but did notice that life was somewhat similar and based on this similarity he created his ladder of nature

19

Georges Louis Leclerc

had one of first published writing against the fixity of species (suggested migration, isolation, overcrowding and the struggle for existence lead to these change)
- adament against species evolving into another but proposed species

20

Erasmus Darwin

Physician, poet, plant biologist, believed evolution - modern species different but similar from fossils
- plant and animal breeders used practices to change traits of domestic species

21

Baron Georges Cuvier

- founder of paleontology, proposed abrupt changes in fossil records due to catastrophes

22

Jean Baptiste Lamarck

Focused on slow change through time - ground work for evolutionary theory
- introducing the slow change of evolution
- introduced the idea that variation feeds evolution

23

Darwin

- catapulted evolutionary theory into today
- born rich, could think through ideas/select career path
- flunked out of medicine
- got degree in theology