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Flashcards in Naming Deck (63):
1

Hippocrates

(460-377 BC) Father of Medicine. Hippocratic oath

2

Aristotle

(384-322 BC) First used term "Anatome" - meaning "to cut up or take apart"

3

Andreas Vesalius

1514-1564; Published the first complete human anatomy textbook. Belgian anatomist/physician whose dissections help correct misconceptions of ancient times.

4

Median Plane

L/R

5

Sagittal Plane

Parallel to median, but off midline

6

Coronal Plane

Ant/Post but off midline

7

Midcoronal Plane

Directly Ant/Post

8

Frontal Plane

Same as coronal

9

Transverse Plane

cross section

10

Horizontal

same as transverse

11

Superficial

close to body surface

12

Deep

Close to body center

13

Median

Midline - the midsagittal plane

14

Medial

Toward the median

15

Lateral

Away from median

16

Anterior

Toward front aspect

17

Posterior

Toward back

18

Ventral

Anterior

19

Dorsal

Posterior - posterior side of the hand - top of the foot

20

Palmar

Ventral side of the hand

21

Plantar

Sole of the foot

22

Superior

toward the head

23

Cephalic

superior, toward the head

24

Rostral

superior, toward the head

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Inferior

toward the feet

26

Caudal

Interior; toward the feet

27

Proximal

Close to the median - or near the origin of the structure

28

Distal

Away from the origin of the structure

29

Prone

Anterior facing down (laying on stomach; pronate = turn downward)

30

Supine

Anterior facing up (laying on back; supinate - turn facing upward)

31

Extrinsic

originates outside

32

Intrinsic

Located entirely within

33

Varus

Angulation of a body segment toward the midline

34

Valgus:

Angulation of a body segment away from the midline

35

Bilateral

Paired structures

36

Unilateral

Occurs only on one side

37

Ipsilateral

Occurring of the same side

38

Contralateral

Occurring on the opposite side.

39

Draw out and label bones of the hand

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40

What are the 2 saddle joints in the body?

The carpometacarpal (CMC) joint in the thumb - allows opposition/reposition
The sternoclavicular joint

41

Which planes are these THUMB movements in:
Ab/Adduction
Flexion/Extension

Ab/Adduction: Saggital Plane
Flexion/Extension: Coronal

42

Flexion

Decreasing the angle

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Extension

Movement away from the ventral surface

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Abduction

Movement away from the median

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Adduction

Movement toward the median

46

Medial Rotation

movement of the anterior surface toward the median

47

Lateral Rotation

Movement of the anterior surface away from the median

48

Protraction

moving a structure anteriorly (sticking tongue out of mouth)

49

Retraction

Moving a structure toward the median (withdrawing tongue into oral cavity)

50

Circumduction

combined movement: conical movement where distal part draws a circle, while proximal part makes a cone shape.

51

Inversion

foot: rotation of plantar surface medially

52

Eversion

food: rotation of plantar surface laterally

53

Plantarflexion

flexion of the foot at the ankle

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Dorsiflexion

extension of the foot at the ankel

55

Protrusion

Specific to temporomandibular/Scapulothoracic joints: Anterior movement of the mandible/scapula

56

Retrusion

Specific to temporomandibular/Scapulothoracic joints:
Posterior movement of the mandible/scapula

57

Radial Deviation

Abduction of the hand at the wrist joint

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Ulnar Deviation

Adduction of the hand at the wrist joint (toward pinky/ulna)

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Opposition/Repostion

Thumb to pinky/and back

60

Axial Skeleton

80. Makes up central axis: Scull, Vertebra, Ribs, Sternum, Hyoid

61

Appendicular Skeleton

126 Bones. Consists of the limbs and girdles. The girdles are the attachment points for the limbs. The pelvic girdle is the attachment point for our thigh bone (femur) and consists of an individual os coxae (ilium, icshium, pubis). The pectoral girdle is formed by the clavicle and scapula and serves as the attachment point for our are (humerus).

62

How many bones total in an adult human

206

63

3 Types of Joints

Fibrous: connected by fibrous tissue: Minimal/no movement (skull sutures)
Cartilaginous: connected by cartilage: Movement depends upon the compressibility of the intervening fibrocartilage. No flubbing of bones across another. (Intervertebral discs - secondary cartilaginous joints)
Synovial Joints: Joint cavity lined by synovial membrane: most common in body. Bones slide across one another.