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Flashcards in Nation states (CLARKE) Deck (13):
1

The nation-state (territorialisation)

The modern state

Relatively recent invention
Much of human history humans did not live in ‘states’.
Since the enlightenment- 17th century- and the French Revolution- 1789
From the divine right of kings and queens to the social contract between equals when people started to question the divine right of kings.

2

The nation-state (territorialisation)

The nation

Not given but made (over the last two centuries by the inventions of national media, national education, national stories and symbols so that gradually states became nation-states
If people feel like they are part of one culture they are more likely to make sacrifices for one another- taxes, benefits etc.

3

The nation-state (territorialisation)

Citizenship

Membership of a (political) community
Four components (Delanty 2000):
- Rights- right to vote, protest, freedom of speech
- Duties- obey the law, jury service
- Identity- feel like you are the same as fellow citizens
- Participation- to vote, volunteer

4

Before the nation-state

Cosmopolitanism

Not much political order- ran by a figurehead
The Greeks (Didn’t define themselves as Greek but human- rational by nature, Greek by accident)
The Romans (world empire)
The early church (a universal community of humanity)
The early universities (universal knowledge, disseminated via Latin)

5

After the nation-state? (deterritorialization?

Appadurai (1996)

The five landscapes of modernity (ethnoscapes, mediascapes, technoscapes, financescapes, ideoscapes) (different dimensions of society) used to be contained by the state but now cross state borders so the nation-state has become the nation/state
States still exist but they no longer contain easily definable citizens

6

After the nation-state? (deterritorialization?

Delanty (2000)

The four components of citizenship (human rights from the UN, duties, identity, participation) used to be united through the nation-state but no longer.
New globalisms, regionalisms, nationalisms, localisms (re territorialisation)

7

- Rights- right to vote, protest, freedom of speech
- Duties- obey the law, jury service
- Identity- feel like you are the same as fellow citizens
- Participation- to vote, volunteer

(Delanty 2000):

8

The four components of citizenship (human rights from the UN, duties, identity, participation) used to be united through the nation-state but no longer.
New globalisms, regionalisms, nationalisms, localisms (re territorialisation)

After the nation-state? (deterritorialization?

Delanty (2000)

9

The five landscapes of modernity (ethnoscapes, mediascapes, technoscapes, financescapes, ideoscapes) (different dimensions of society) used to be contained by the state but now cross state borders so the nation-state has become the nation/state
States still exist but they no longer contain easily definable citizens

After the nation-state? (deterritorialization?

Appadurai (1996)

10

Keating M (1997)

In some ways, politics, economics, and public policies are deterritorializing; but at the same time and in other ways, there is a reterritorialization of economic, political, and governmental activity.

11

In some ways, politics, economics, and public policies are deterritorializing; but at the same time and in other ways, there is a reterritorialization of economic, political, and governmental activity.

Keating M (1997)

12

The role of the nation state is contested...

Too small to cope with global economic, political and cultural flows...too large to represent needs of local and trans-local communities.

13

References to use...

Delanty (2000)
Appadurai (1996)
Keating M (1997)