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Flashcards in nationalism Deck (25):
1

nationstate

or "country"
components
- land (territory)
-defined borders people usually with common -bonds
- government

2

nationalist

they seek to bring an end to foreign control of "their" land = self determination . basically seek independence

3

common bonds

nationality
territory
government
language
religion
culture
history

4

europe after congress of Vienna

at the Congress of Vienna, leaders such as Metternich largely ignored the growing power of nationalism. they were focused on order and peace not nationalist feelings growing amongst the various groups.

5

unification of Italy

mazzini - also known as the "soul" he inspired Italians wrote articles and gave speeches and led the young Italy movement
cavour- also known as the "brains" he was appointed prime minister of the kingdom of Sardinia, planned before he acted and unified much of northern Italy.
garibaldi- also known as the "sword" he led an invasion of the kingdom of the two Sicilies "red shirts" , he gained control of northern Italy.

6

bismarck

bismarck - sometimes called the architect of German unification he was chancellor of Prussia . his key goal was to unify Germany under Prussias leadership. he was willing to use BLOOD and IRON meaning war and force and strength to accomplish this goal.
REALPOLITIK- focuses on power and serving the needs of the state and is willing to use almost any means necessary to accomplish goals (you might say Bismarck was Machiavellian)

7

unification of Germany

Prussia fights and wins three wars in order to unify Germany
1. against Denmark
2. against Austria
3. against France
•ems telegram - Bismarck alters a description of the meeting between the Prussian king and French ambassador he makes it sound as if the Prussia had insulted France because he wants to help Provoke France into declaring war on Prussia
• as a result of its victories of these wars Prussia was able to expand its territory

8

similarity between Italy and Germany

both were not unified in the early 19th century but became unified countries by the 1870s thanks to the force of nationalism

9

nationalism

pride and loyalty in one's country

belief the peoples loyalty should be to a nation of people who share a common culture and history

belief that people who share key common bonds should have an independent nation state

10

problems in Italy after unification

become constitutional monarchy

regional tension between the north and the south

11

colonial Latin America

•most of Latin America was under the control of Europeans ( especially Spain )
•colonies helped Europeans for wealth
•mercantilism - benefit the mother country
•encomienda - native Americans forced labor

12

class system

peninsulares
Creoles - provided leadership in Latin America
mezitos and mulattos
native Americans and African slaves

13

won independence from Netherlands

gets freedom from Ottoman Empire

Belgium

Greece

14

liberals

goal was to expand the rights of the people and establish governments with Written constitutions
ex:
support French rev
included middle class
voting rights
natural rights
freedom speech

15

conservatives

goal was to go back to the way things were before the French Revolution
ex:
accepted rigid class system
nobles monarchs ...
opposed rev changes
order
Metternich
dominated at congress of Vienna

16

revolutions of 1848 effects

revolts attempted by radicals and liberals failed and were non successful

17

factors that helped bring about these Latin American movements were

enlightenment
American Revolution
French Revolution
napoleons invasion of Spain

18

haiti

the first to get independence from France . slaves rebelled , louverture led the rebellion.
creoles were afraid of rebellion bc of their good status

19

columbia next

won independence from Spain. rebellion led by Simon bolivar. gran Colombia

20

then Mexico

won independence from Spain. Miguel hidago led revolt

21

argentina

won independence from Spain. revolt in buenos Aires and independence movement by San Martin

22

lastly Brazil

won independence from Portugal. was declared by Pedro

23

effects of Latin American independence

bolivar disappointed bc Latin America didn't achieve unity ( ex gran Colombia split)

class structure unchanged - power mostly held by Creoles

caudillos - military dictators

24

how is Latin American independence diff from Europe

in Latin America colonies break free from their mother country aka Spain

Europe small states unify into a country aka Italy and Germany

25

autonomy

step toward independence