Flashcards in NATO Deck (27):
Which year was NATO created?
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
What is the fundamental role of NATO?
To guarantee the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means
Who is the Security General?
What is the purpose of NATO's political alliance?
To promote democratic values and enable members to consult and cooperate on defence and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict
What is the purpose of NATO's military alliance?
Commitment to peaceful resolutions of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military power to undertake crisis-management operations.
How are crisis-management operations carried out?
Under the collective defence clause of NATO's founding treaty or, under a United Nations mandate, alone or in cooperation with the other countries and international organisations.
What is NATO's founding treaty?
Article 5 of the Washington Treaty
What Key Event for NATO took place in 1947?
The start of The Cold War
What Key Event for NATO took place on the 4th April 1949?
The signing of the Washington Treaty
What Key Event for NATO took place in 1989?
Fall of the Berlin Wall
What Key Event for NATO took place on 26th December 1991?
The end of The Cold War
What Key Event for NATO took place in 1991?
NATO develops partnership with former adversaries after break-up of Soviet Union
What Key Event for NATO took place in 1995
NATO engages in its first major crisis management operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
What Key Event for NATO took place in 2001?
Large-scale terrorist attacks in New York and Washington D.C.
NATO invokes Article 5 for the first time ever and adapts a broader approach to security
What Key Event for NATO and took place in 2003?
NATO took command of the International Security Assistance Force- ISAF in Afghanistan
What Key Event for NATO took place in 2010?
NATO adopts the 2010 Strategic Concept "Active Engagement, Modern Defence"
Name the ongoing military operations and missions
• Resolute Support Mission (RSM), Afghanistan
• Kosovo Force (KFOR)
• Operation Sea Guardian in the Mediterranean
• Assistance to the African Union
• Military headquarters in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
• Civil emergency operations, as requested
Does NATO have military forces?
NATO has very few permanent forces of its own. Once members agree, by consensus, to engage in an operation, they contribute forces on a voluntary basis
What form of command structure does NATO have for the military forces?
An integrated military command structure- allowing the Alliance to implement political decisions that have military implications
Which partnerships are NATO affiliated with?
• Partnership for Peace
• Mediterranean Dialogue
• Istanbul Cooperation Initiative
• Global Partners
Which other international organisations is NATO involved with?
• United Nations
• European Union
• Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Which 22 countries are involved with the Partnership for Peace?
• Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Kyrgyz Republic
• Republic of Moldova
• Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Which 7 countries are involved with the Mediterranean Dialogue?
Which 4 countries are involved with the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative?
• United Arab Emirates
Which 9 countries are Global Partners?
• Republic of Korea
• New Zealand