Nematodes Flashcards Preview

Parasitology > Nematodes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nematodes Deck (46):
1

Toxocara ...

Host: Dogs, cats
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Roundworm
*Kittens are most likely to get roundworms by the transmammary route.
*Toxocara canis larvae can cause visceral larval migrans.

2

Ancylostoma ...

Host: Dogs, cats
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Hookworm
*Unlike roundworms, hookworms can cause infection by skin penetration.
*Hookworms cause blood loss, especially in young animals.
*Ancylostoma caninum have ovoid eggs with a thin shell and a morulated embryo.
*Third stage larva is infective

3

Strongyloides ...

Host: Dogs, cats, cattle, horses, pigs, humans
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Threadworms

4

Trichuris ...

Host: Dogs, cats, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs
Location of adult: Cecum and colon
Common name: Whipworm
*Adult whipworms have a slender anterior end with its mouth at the tip and a thickened posterior extremity.

5

PHYSaloptera ...
PHYSocephalus ...

Host: Dogs, cats, pigs
Location of adult: Stomach, small intestine
Common name: Stomach worm

6

BaylisASCARIS ...
ParASCARIS ...
ASCARIS ...

Host: Dogs, cats, raccoons, horses, pigs
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Roundworm

7

Oesophagostomum ...

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants or nodular worm of pigs

8

Trichostrongylus ...

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine, stomach
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants or stomach worm

9

Habronema ...

Host: Horses
Location of adult: Stomach mucosa, larvae in skin
Common name: Stomach worm

10

Strongylus ...

Host: Horses
Location of adult: Large intestine
Common name: Strongyle of horses

11

Spirocerca lupe

Host: Dogs, cats
Location of adult: Esophageal wall
Common name: Esophageal worm

12

Aonchotheca putorii

Host: Cats
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Gastric capillaries of cats

13

Ollulanus tricuspis

Host: Cats
Location of adult: Stomach
Common name: Feline trichostrongyle

14

Uncinaria stenocephala

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Small intestine
Common name: Canine hookworm
*Unlike roundworms, hookworms can cause infection by skin penetration.
*Hookworms cause blood loss, especially in young animals.

15

Gongylonema pulchrum

Host: Sheep, goats, cattle, pigs
Location of adult: Mucosa and submucosa of esophagus
Common name: Esophageal worm of ruminants

16

Bunostomum

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

17

Chabertia

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

18

Cooperia

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

19

Haemonchus

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

20

Ostertagia

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

21

Nematodirus

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

22

Marshallogia

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Abomasum, small and large intestine
Common name: Trichostrongyle of ruminants

23

Draschia megastoma

Host: Horses
Location of adult: Stomach mucosa, larvae in skin
Common name: Stomach worm

24

Oxyuris equi

Host: Horses
Location of adult: Cecum, colon and rectum
Common name: Pinworm
*Ova are collected using a cellophane tape method.

25

Ascarops strongylina

Host: Pigs
Location of adult: Stomach
Common name: Stomach worm

26

Hyostrongylus rubidus

Host: Pigs
Location of adult: Stomach
Common name: Red stomach worm

27

Trichinella spiralis

Host: Pigs
Location of adult: Small intestine, larvae in muscle
Common name: Trichina worm

28

Dirofilaria immitis

Host: Dogs, cats, humans
Location of adult: Right ventricle and pulmonary artery
Common name: Heartworm

29

Elaeophora schneideri

Host: Sheep
Location of adult: Common carotid artery
Common name: Arterial worm

30

Aelurostrongylus abstrusus

Host: Cats
Location of adult: Bronchioles and alveolar ducts
Common name: Feline lungworm

31

Filaroides ...

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Trachea, bronchioles and lung parenchyma
Common name: Lungworm

32

Eucoleus ...

Host: Dogs, cats
Location of adult: Bronchi, trachea, nasal cavity, frontal sinuses
Common name:
CAPILLARID LUNGWORM of dogs and cats
CAPILLARID RESPIRATORY WORM of dogs

33

Dictyocaulus ...

Host: Cattle, sheep, goats, horses, mules, donkeys
Location of adult: Bronchi and bronchioles
Common name:
LUNGWORM of ruminants
Equine LUNGWORM

34

Muellerius capillaris

Host: Sheep, goats
Location of adult: Bronchioles
Common name: Hair lungworm

35

Protostrongylus

Host: Sheep, goats
Location of adult: Small bronchioles
Common name: -

36

Metastrongylus elongates

Host: Pigs
Location of adult: Bronchi and bronchioles
Common name: Swine lungworm

37

Dioctophyma renale

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Right kidney
Common name: Giant kidney worm of dogs

38

Capillaria ...

Host: Dogs, cats
Location of adult: Urinary bladder
Common name: Bladder worm

39

Stephanurus dentatus

Host: Pigs
Location of adult: Cystic spaces around kidneys, ureters, and perirenal tissue
Common name: Swine kidney worm

40

Rhabditis strongyloides

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Superficial layers of skin
Common name: -

41

Acanthocheilonema reconditum

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Subcutaneous tissue
Common name: Canine subcutaneous filarial worm

42

Dracunculus insignis

Host: Dogs
Location of adult: Subcutaneous tissue
Common name: Guinea worm

43

Stephanofilaria stilesi

Host: Cattle, goats, buffalo, wild ruminants
Location of adult: Ventral midline
Common name: Skin worm of ruminants

44

Onchocerca cervicalis

Host: Horses
Location of adult: Ligamentum nuchae, larvae in dermis
Common name: Equine filarial worm

45

Thelazia ...

Host: Dogs, cats, cattle, sheep, goats
Location of adult: Conjunctival sac and lacrimal duct
Common name: Eyeworm

46

Setaria ...

Host: Cattle, horses
Location of adult: Free within peritoneal cavity
Common name: Abdominal worm