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Flashcards in Nematodes Deck (43):
1

Giant roundworm

Ascaris lumbricoides

2

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to ascaris

Loeffler's syndrome

3

Ttt for ascaris, blood sucking nematodes

Albendazole

4

Roundworms causing microcytic hypochromic anemia and hypoalbuminemia

Necator
Ancylostoma

5

Cutaneous larva migrans
Ground itch

Necator
Ancylostoma

6

Infective stage : filariform
Dx: eggs in feces

Necator
Ancylostoma

7

Barrel eggs with bipolar plugs
Chinese lantern shape

Trichuris trichiura

8

Rectal prolapse due to increased peristalsis

Trichuris trichiura

9

Ttt for whip worm

Mebendazole
T. Trichiura

10

Dshaped eggs
Capable of autoinfection

Enterobius vermicularis

11

Appendicitis (oxyuriasis)

Enterobius vermicularis

12

Ttt for Seat worm or pin worm

Pyrantel pamoate
E. Vermicularis

13

Infective st: filariform larva
Dx st: rhabditiform larva

Strongyloides stercoralis

14

Harada mori culture

Strongyloides stercoralis

15

Ground itch
Larva currans (serpiginous tract)

Strongyloides stercoralis

16

Duodenitis
Hyperinfection
Paradoxical asthma

Strongyloides stercoralis

17

Ttt for thread worm

Ivermectin
Strongyloides stercoralis

18

Peanut shaped eggs with bipolar plugs

Capillaria philippinensis

19

Cause auto and hyperinfection

Capillaria philippinensis

20

Borborygmus
Protein losing enteropathy

Capillaria philippinensis

21

Ttt for pudoc worm

Albendazole

22

Most debilitating nematode infection

Wuchereria and brugia

23

Transmission thru mosquito: mansonia

Brugia

24

Infective stage: larvae
Dx stage: microfilariae

Wuchereria
Brugia

25

Nocturnal periodicity
8pm to 4am

Wuchereria
Brugia

26

Diethylcarbamazine provocation test

Wuchereria
Brugia

27

Acute lymphangitis
Filarial fever

Wuchereria
Brugia

28

Chyluria
Hydrocoele
Elephantiasis

Wuchereria
Brugia

29

Ttt for wuchereria and brugia

Diethylcarbamazine

30

Intermediate: pigs
Inf and dx stage: encysted larvae

Trichinella spiralis

31

Nurse cell
Encysted larva within host

Trichinella spiralis

32

Ttt for Trichinella spiralis

Thiabendazole

33

Dermal nodules
Hanging groin
Lizard skin
River blindness

Onchocerca volvulus

34

Ttt of nematode transmitted by simulium

Ivermectin

35

Lysis of onchocerca leads to

Mazotti rxn

36

Calabar swellings (subq edema)
Worm crawling on conjunctiva
Transmitted by chrysops

Loa loa

37

Guinea fire worm
Live worm in skin ulcer

Drancunculus medinensis

38

Visceral larva migrans
Ocular larva migrans

Toxocara canis

39

Cutaneous larva migrans
Dog and cat hookworm

Ancylostoma caninum and brazilienze

40

MCC of parasitic meningitis
Eosinophilic meningitis

Angiostrongylus cantonensis

41

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

Anisakis simplex

42

Bed bugs

Cimex lectularius

43

Nematodes with lung migration phase

Ascaris
Ancylostoma
Necator
Strongyloides