Neologisms and Word Formation Flashcards Preview

A Level English Language > Neologisms and Word Formation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neologisms and Word Formation Deck (11):
1

Coinage/Neologism

The deliberate creation of a new word. Examples being widget, hobbit and spoof.

2

Borrowing / loan words

Borrowing of words/concepts from other languages. They can be 'anglicised' or they can be same. Examples being 'bungalow, hamburger, saga'

3

Compounding

Words combined together to form new words. Can be open, hyphenated or solid. Examples 'user-friendly, long winded and handheld'

4

Clipping

Words are shortened and the shortened form becomes norm. Examples being 'gym, bus, deli, phone'

5

Blending

Combining clipping and compounding: Words are abbreviated and joined together to form a new word. (newscast news + broadcast, internet, international + network)

6

Acronym

First letters are taken from a series of words to create a new term. It is pronounced all together. Examples: 'AIDS, NATO'

7

Initialism

Acronym but each letter is pronounced: Examples 'HIV, CD, MP3, PC, OMG'

8

Affixation

One or more free morphemes are combined with one or more bound morphemes (Examples: Disinterest regift, marketeer)

9

Conversion/Functional shift

A word shifts from one word class to another: usually from a noun to a verb. Examples: Text, Network Google.

10

Eponym

Names of a person or company used to define particular objects. Often inventors or distributors of the object. (Examples: Sandwich, Boycott, Silhouette)

11

Back formation

Verb created from an existing noun by removing a suffix: Examples (surveillance - to surveil, locatation - to locate- ?)