Flashcards in Neologisms and Word Formation Deck (11):
The deliberate creation of a new word. Examples being widget, hobbit and spoof.
Borrowing / loan words
Borrowing of words/concepts from other languages. They can be 'anglicised' or they can be same. Examples being 'bungalow, hamburger, saga'
Words combined together to form new words. Can be open, hyphenated or solid. Examples 'user-friendly, long winded and handheld'
Words are shortened and the shortened form becomes norm. Examples being 'gym, bus, deli, phone'
Combining clipping and compounding: Words are abbreviated and joined together to form a new word. (newscast news + broadcast, internet, international + network)
First letters are taken from a series of words to create a new term. It is pronounced all together. Examples: 'AIDS, NATO'
Acronym but each letter is pronounced: Examples 'HIV, CD, MP3, PC, OMG'
One or more free morphemes are combined with one or more bound morphemes (Examples: Disinterest regift, marketeer)
A word shifts from one word class to another: usually from a noun to a verb. Examples: Text, Network Google.
Names of a person or company used to define particular objects. Often inventors or distributors of the object. (Examples: Sandwich, Boycott, Silhouette)