Flashcards in Nerves continued and lymphatics Deck (60):
What is the most anterior structure on a vertebrae ?
What is the most posterior structure on a vertebrae ?
What lie in the vertebral foramen ?
The spinal cord
What part of the vertebrae articulates with a superior or inferior vertebrae ?
The articular processes
What are the names of the processes that protrude from the lateral aspects of the vertebrae ?
The transverse processes
What does the vertebral body consist of ?
Nucleus pulposus and Annulus fibrosis
What type of joint occurs between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae ?
Fibrocartilaginous joint (Symphysis)
What type of joint occurs between the articular facets of adjacent vertebrae ?
Synovial plane joints
How many cervical vertebrae are there ?
How many thoracic vertebrae ?
How many lumbar vertebrae ?
How many sacral vertebrae ?
How many coccygeal segments ?
What is the name for cervical vertebrae 1 ?
What is the name for cervical vertebrae 2 ?
What is the name for cervical vertebrae 7 ?
Describe a herniated disc and its consequences
When the nucleus pulposus ruptures through the annulus fibrosis and compresses a nerve root
What is the ligament that runs the most posterior along the spinous process of the vertebral column ?
What is the ligaments that runs between spinous processes in the vertebral column ?
What is the ligament that runs most anterior along the vertebral column ?
Anterior longitudinal ligament
What is the ligament that runs along the anterior wall of the vertebral foramen ?
Posterior longitudinal ligament
What ligament connects the lamina of one vertebrae to the lamina of an adjacent vertebra ?
What ligament connects the anterior aspect of the vertebral bodies one to another ?
Anterior longitudinal ligament
What is the name given to the normal curvature of the cervical spine ?
What is the name given to the normal curvature of the lumbar spine ?
What is the name given to the normal curvature of the thoracic spine ?
What is the name given to the normal curvature of the sacral spine ?
What movements does the cervical spine permit ?
What movements does the thoracic spine permit ?
What movements does the lumbar spine permit ?
Flexion and extension
What vertebral level is the vertebrae prominans palpated ?
At what vertebral level is the spine of the scapula found?
At what vertebral level is the inferior angle of the scapula found ?
At what vertebral level is the summit of the illiac crest found ?
Between what vertebrae would a lumbar puncture be carried out in an adult ?
L3 an L4
Between what vertebrae would a lumbar puncture be carried out in a child ?
L4 and L5
At what vertebral level does the spinal cord terminate in an adult ?
At what vertebral level does the spinal cord terminate in a child ?
What are the lymph nodes that are found in the axilla called ?
Axillary lymph nodes
What are the lymph nodes that are found in the inguinal region called ?
Inguinal lymph nodes (superficial and deep)
What are the lymph nodes that are found around the pectoralis major muscle ?
Pectoral lymph nodes
What are the lymph nodes that are found at the bifurcation of the trachea ?
Tracheobronchial lymph nodes
What are the lymph nodes that are found around the root of arteries in the abdomen and the pelvis ?
Lumbar and pelvic lymph nodes
What are the lymph nodes that are found in the neck ?
Cervical lymph nodes (superficial and deep)
Where can the thoracic duct be found ?
Between the azygous vein and the thoracic aorta
At what vertebral level does the thoracic duct commence ?
L1 as the Cisterna Chyli
Where does this thoracic duct drain from and to ?
Drains the lymph fluid from all parts of the body, except the RUQ, into the left subclavian vein.
Where does the lymph from the RUQ drain ?
The right lymphatic duct which drains into the right subclavian vein
What is the name of the end of the spinal cord at the distal end ?
What does the spinal cord terminate as ?
What is the name for the branching of the spinal nerves from the conus medularis ?
What are the layers that over the spinal cord from most outer to inner layer ?
Where on the spinal cord does the sympathetic outlfow occur ?
Sympathetic outflow is what ?
Once the sympathetic outflow has left the lateral horn and traveled along the ventral root where does it go ?
It will travel along the white communicans and may synapse in the sympathetic ganglion and then travels along the grey communicans and out of either the dorsal ramus or the ventral ramus
Sympathetic nerve fibers emerge from the spinal cord only between spinal levels T1-L2: How do they supply structures lying above T1 and below L2 ?
Sympathetic input can travel up and down the sympathetic chain which follows the entirety of the spine
What are the names for the nerves that do not synapse in the sympathetic chain but synapse else where in the body ?
Where do cardiopulmonary splanchic's synapse ?
In the sympathetic chain
Abdominal splanchic's synapse where ?
Pre-aortic ganglia (not in the chain)