Nervous, Excretory, and Endocrine Systems TEST!! Flashcards Preview

Pre-Ap Science > Nervous, Excretory, and Endocrine Systems TEST!! > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous, Excretory, and Endocrine Systems TEST!! Deck (26)
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1

The somatic nervous system controls

Voluntary actions, such as turning a television on

2

The endocrine system acts on the body through chemical productions called

Hormones

3

A cell that carries information through your nervous system is a(n)

Neuron

4

Tiny filtering structures where urine is produced in the kidneys are called

Nephrons

5

What function do the kidneys perform?

Remove urea and excess water

6

An automatic response of the body that occurs very rapidly and without conscious control is called a(n)

Reflex

7

What part of the brain controls memory

Cerebrum

8

What is the main function of the excretory system?

To collect and remove wastes from the body

9

A motor neuron sends an impulse to the

A muscle or gland

10

The chemical product of an endocrine gland is called a(n)

Hormone

11

What part of a neuron carries nerve impulses away from the body

Axon

12

Under normal conditions, what substance is found in urine?

Urea

13

A change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react is called a(n)

Stimulus

14

An endocrine gland that regulates other endocrine glands is the

Pituitary Gland

15

Which organ of the excretory system stores urine until the body is ready to eliminate it?

Urinary bladder

16

T or F
The body's reaction to a change in the environment is a ••response••

T

17

T or F
Urine passes
Out of the body through a tube called the ••ureter••

F. ••Urethra••

18

T or F
The ••Peripheral•• nervous system is composed of the brain and the spinal cord

F ••Central••

19

T or F
A(n) ••axon•• carries impulses toward the nerve cell body.

F ••Dendrites••

20

T or F
Voluntary actions are controlled by the ••autonomic•• nervous system

F ••Somatic••

21

What is the function of the kidneys?

To filter blood

22

What do the kidneys look like?

A bean

23

What is the function of the Urethra?

It is where urine leaves the body

24

What is the function of the ureter?

To carry urine

25

What is the function of the urinary bladder?

To store urine

26

The thick column of nerve tissue that links the brain to most of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system is the __________________

Spinal chord