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Flashcards in Nervous system Deck (99):
1

Which Gram - Bacteria is the most common cause of meningitis in College students

Neisseria meningitidis

2

What Gram + Bacteria is the most common cause of Meningitis in Adults

Streptocuccus pneumoniae

3

What Gram - Bacteria is the most common cause of meningitis in children

Haemophilus influenzoe B

4

What Gram + Bacteria is the most common cause of Meningitis in Elderly, babies and pregnant women

Listeria Moncytogenes

5

What Gram + bacteria is the most common cause of Meningitis in premature babies and infants

Streotococcus agalactiae

6

How is Listeria moncytogenes transmitted

Contaminated Food and Drink

7

How is Streptococcus agalactiae transmitted

Birth canal
Health care personal

8

What type of meningitis is associated with a Sudden high fever and sever meningeal inflammation

Bacterial meningitis

9

What bacteria causes Hansen's disease (leprosy)

Mycobacterium leprae

10

What are the two types of Leprosy

Tuberculoid Leprosy
Lepromatous Leprosy

11

What type of leprosy causes one to lose facial features, digits and other body structures

Lepromatous Leprosy

12

What happens in tuberculoid leprosy

Regions of lost sensation as a result of nerve damage

13

How is leprosy transmitted

Person-to-person contact or break in the skin

Handling armadillos

14

What kind of Leprosy would one get if they have a strong immune system

Tuberculoid leprosy

15

What kind of leprosy would on get if they have a weak immune system

Lupromatous leprosy

16

What bacteria causes Botulism

Colstridium botulinum

17

What are the symptoms of Botulism

Flaccid paralysis
Death - Cannot inhale

18

How does one get Botulism

Contaminated food
Honey
Spores entering wounds

19

What is the most common form of botulism in the US

Infant botulism (floppy baby syndrom)

20

What category of bioterrorism threat is botulism

Cat A

21

What Bacteria causes lockjaw (tetnus)

Clostridium tentani

22

What are symptoms of Tetnus

Sever muscular contraction
Lockjay
Death - Cant exhale

23

How does one get Tetnus

Break in skin
Puncture wounds
Umbilical stump (in un-steril environment)

24

What is the smiling spasm associated with tetnus

Risus Sardonicus

25

What is the mortality rate of neonatal tetanus

90%

26

What causes neonatal tentaus

Infected umbilical stump

27

What causes Poliomyelitits

Poliovirus

28

How many cases of polio as asymptomatic

90%

29

How is polio transmitted

Drinking contaminated water

30

What is the name of the paralysis that polio causes

Infantile paralysis postpolio syndrom

31

What causes Rabies

Rabies Virus

32

What are symptoms of rabies

Pain + itching at site of infection
Fever
Malaise
seizures
Disorientation

33

How does one get rabies

Tranmission usually occurs after a bit from a bat

34

What is the capsid shape of the rabies virus

Bullet shaped

35

Can someone be saved from rabies once they start to experience symptoms

No

36

What is the vector in all Equine Encephalitis diseases

Mosquito vector

37

Where is Eastern Equine Encephalitis found

East of mississippi river

38

What is another name for Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Sleep sickness

39

Which form of Equine Encephalitis is most deadly

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

40

Where is Western Equine Encephalitis found

West of the Mississippi

41

Where is Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis found

Texas

42

What are the symptoms of Equine Encephalitis

Fever
Muscle pain
Headach
Seizures 3-10 days after bite

43

What causes St.Louis Encephalitis

St.louis Encephalitis virus

44

What is the vector for St. Louis Encephalitis

Mosquito

45

What causes West Nile Encephalitis

West nile virus

46

How many people that get the West Nile virus are asymptomatic

80%

47

What is the vector for West Nile Virus

Mosquito

48

Were do mosquitoes likely get West Nile virus

Dead birds

49

What causes California Encephalitis

California Encephalitis virus

50

What is the vector for California Encepahlitis

Mosquito

51

What is an Arbovirus

A virus that is Transmitted through an arthropod vector

52

What causes Tick Borne Encephalitis

Tick borne Encephalitis virus

53

What is the vectorr for Tick born encephalitis

Hard Tick

54

What fungus causes Cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcus neofarmans

55

How can you get Cryptococcal meningitis

Inhalation of spores or dried yeast cells

56

What is the most common form of Crytococcal infection

Cryptococcal meningitis

57

If left untreated what can crytococcal neofarmans cause

Loss of vision

58

What Protozoans can cause African Sleeping sickness

Trypanosoma Brucei Gambiense
Trypanosoma Brucei Rhodesiense

59

What is the vector for African sleeping sickness

Tsetse fly

60

What is the most common african sleeping sickness (95%), what causes it

West African sleeping sickness caused by Trypanosoma Brucei Gambiense

61

What is the last common African sleeping sickness (5%), what causes it

East African sleeping sickness

62

What protozoans can cause Amebic Meningoencephalopath

Acanthamoeba
Naegleria fowleri

63

How can one get the protozoans that cause Amebic Meningoencephalopath

Inhalation of contaminated water

64

Which protozoan that causes Amebic Meningoencephalopath is known as the Brain eating amoeba

Naeglera Fowleri

65

How quickly does one die when they get Amebic Meningoencephalopath

3-7 days

66

What causes Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Prions

67

What are symptoms of Variant Creutzfledt-Jakob disease

Insomnia
Weight loss
Memory failure
loss of muscle control

68

What is the most common cause of Variant Creutzfledt-Jakob disease

Eating BSE contaminated Beef

69

What is the group of diseases caused by a prion

Spongiform Encephalopathy

70

What bacteria causes Trachoma

Chlamydia Trachomatis

71

What are the symptoms of Trachoma

Eyelids turn inward
Eyelashes scar cornea --> trigger blood vessels
Eventual blindness

72

How can you get Trachoma

Bacteria from genitals gets into eye (birth, fomites, fingers)

73

What is the leading cause of nontraumatic blindness in human

Chlamydia Trachomatis (Trachoma)

74

What is a Sty

Infection of Hair follicle on eyelid

75

What can cause a sty

Staphylococcus Aureus
Staphylococcus Epidermidis

76

What is the most likely bacteria to cause a sty

Staphylococcus Aureus

77

What Bacteria Causes Opthalmia Neonatorum

Neisseria Gonorrhoea

78

How does Opthamlia Neonatorum present

Inflammation of cornea of Blindness

79

What is another name of Opthamlia Neonatorum

Newborn Conjunctivitis

80

What can cause Pink eye (Conjunctivitis)

Staph Aureus
Strep Pneumoniae
Haemophilus aegyptii
Adenovirus

81

What is another name for Pink eye caused by the Adenovirus

Swimming pool Conjunctivitis

82

What does bacterial conjunctivitis cause

Grittiness/irritation
Mucopurulent discharge

83

What Causes Ocular Herpes

HHV-1

84

What can Occular Herpes lead to

Blindness

85

Where does HHV-1 stay latent, and travel down in Occular Herpes

Stays in Trigeminal Ganglion
Travels down Opthamic Division

86

What fungus causes Occular Candidiasis

Candida albicans

87

What are symptoms of Occular Candidiasis

Eye pain
Red eye
Blindness

88

What protozoan causes Acanthamoeba Keratinits

Acanthamoeba

89

How can one get Ancanthamoeba keratinits

Using nonsterile solutions to clean/store contact lenses

90

What causes Loa Loa Filariasis

Loa Loa

91

What is Loa Loa

a Nematode

92

What is a notable symptom of Loa Loa Filariasis

Calabar swelling on the eye

93

What are the vectos for Loa Loa Filariasis

Deer Fly
Mango Fly

94

What is Loa Loa Filariasis also known as

Subcutaneous Filariasis
Loaiasis

95

What causes Onchocerciasis

Onchocerca

96

What is Onchocerca

Nematode

97

What are symptoms of Onchocerciasis

Long term conrneal inflammation
Blindness

98

What is the vector for Onchocerciasis

Black Fly

99

What is Onchocerciasis also called

River Blindness