Nervous System & Mental Health (Chapter 6) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nervous System & Mental Health (Chapter 6) Deck (84):
1

inability to speak

aphasia

2

headache; general pain to the head

cephalalgia

3

difficulty speaking

dysphasia

4

increased sensitivity to stimulation, such as touch or pain

hyperesthesia

5

pain in a nerve

neuralgia

6

vague condition of body fatigue often associated with depression

neurasthenia

7

abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without an objective cause

paresthesia

8

loss of the ability to interpret sensory info

agnosia

9

deterioration of brain function characterized by confusion, short-term memory loss, & restlessness

Alzheimer's disease (AD)

10

Lou Gehrig's disease; progressive atrophy of muscle caused by hardening of nervous tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

11

inflammation of the cerebellum

cerebellitis

12

type of cerebral vascular disease where a blood vessel that supplies the brain becomes dilated due to a weakening of its wall

cerebral aneurysm

13

type of cerebral vascular disease where a buildup of fatty plaque on the inside wall of a vessel that supplies the brain results in reduced blood flow

cerebral arteriosclerosis

14

presence of an embolism in a blood vessel that supplies the brain

cerebral embolism

15

disorder that affects muscle tone, movement and motor skills; it is usually caused by brain damage that occurs before or during a child's birth or during the first few years of the child's life

cerebral palsy (CP)

16

thrombosis within blood vessels that supply the brain

cerebral thrombosis

17

disruption of the blood supply to the brain resulting in functional losses or death; also called stroke

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

18

general disorder resulting from a change within one or more blood vessels that supply the brain

cerebrovascular disease

19

general term that describes several levels of decreased consciousness AKA deep sleep

coma

20

injury to the brain caused by a violent movement of the head; includes symptoms of vertigo and loss of consciousness

concussion

21

decline or impairment of mental function that is characterized by memory loss, disorientation, and confusion

dementia

22

inflammation of the dura mater

duritis

23

inflammation of the brain, usually caused by bacterial or viral infection

encephalitis

24

softening of brain tissue, usually caused by deficient blood flow

encephalomalacia

25

brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures

epilepsy

26

inflammation of a ganglion

gangliitis

27

tumor of neuroglial cells

glioma

28

partial paralysis on one side of the body

hemiparesis

29

paralysis on one side of the body

hemiplegia

30

increased volume of CSF in the brain ventricles of a child before the cranial sutures have sealed, causing enlargement of the cranium

hydrocephalus

31

benign tumor of the meninges

meningioma

32

inflammation of the meninges, usually caused by bacterial or viral infection

meningitis

33

protrusion of the meninges through an opening caused by a defect in the skull or spinal column

meningocele

34

protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through the spinal column

meningomyelocele

35

partial paralysis of one limb

monoparesis

36

paralysis of one limb

monoplegia

37

deterioration of the myelin sheath covering axons within the brain, exhibited by episodes of localized functional losses

multiple sclerosis (MS)

38

inflammation of the spinal cord

myelitis

39

sleep disorder characterized by sudden, uncontrollable attacks of sleep, attacks of paralysis, and hypnagogic hallucinations (dreams intruding on wakefulness)

narcolepsy

40

inflammation of a nerve

neuritis

41

disease of the nervous system that results in pain within one or more joints

neuroarthropathy

42

general term for any tumor that originates from nervous tissue

neuroma

43

emotional disorder that involves a counterproductive way of dealing with stress

neurosis

44

paralysis of localized areas; most common is Bell's palsy in which facial muscles are paralyzed on one side of the head

palsy

45

paralysis from the waist down

paraplegia

46

chronic degenerative disease of the brain characterized by hand tremors, rigidity, expressionless face, and shuffling gait

Parkinson's disease (PD)

47

inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord caused by one of several polioviruses that often leads to paralysis

poliomyelitis (polio)

48

inflammation of many nerves at one time

polyneuritis

49

any disease affecting the mind

psychopathy

50

incapacitating mental disorder characterized by a gross distortion of emotions and an incapacity to recognize reality, relate to others, and cope with ordinary demands of daily life

psychosis

51

pertaining to both the mind and body; commonly used to describe a condition that results from mental stress

psychosomatic

52

paralysis of all four limbs

quadriplegia/tetraplegia

53

inflammation of the spinal nerve roots

radiculitis

54

disease of spinal nerve roots

radiculopathy

55

inflammation of the sciatic nerve, producing pain that extends from the low back, buttocks and down the back of the leg

sciatica

56

sudden, uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain resulting in convulsions; classified as grand mal (all muscle groups), petit mal (brief losses of consciousness w/out motor involvement), or partial (limited areas of the brain w/ ocal symptoms)

seizure

57

viral infection of peripheral nerves that erupts as painful skin blisters along nerve tracts AKA herpes zoster

shingles

58

fainting, usually caused by sudden loss of blood flow to brain

syncope

59

TIA: brief episode of loss of blood flow to the brain that results in temporary neurologic impairment - often preceds a CVA

transient ischemic attack

60

agent that relieves pain

analgesic

61

process or treatment that results in an absence of feeling or sensation

anesthesia

62

x-ray photograph of the blood vessels in the brain following injection of contrast media

cerebral angiography

63

CT/CAT scan: procedure involving use of a computer to interpret a series of images & construct from them a 3-D view of the brain

computed tomography

64

surgical excision of part of the skull to approach the brain

craniectomy

65

incision into the skull to approach the brain

craniotomy

66

EchoEG: ultrasonography used to record brain structures

echoencephalography

67

EEG: procedure that records electrical impulses of the brain

electroencephalography

68

EP studies: group of diagnostic tests measures changes in brain waves in the presence of particular stimuli to determine brain function

evoked potential studies

69

surgical excision of a ganglion AKA gangliectomy

ganglionectomy

70

LP: aspiration of CSF from subarachnoid space in the lumbar region of the spinal cord

lumbar puncture

71

MRI: use of magnets & computer imaging to identify structural details of soft tissues by producing 3-D images useful in targeting brain tumors, brain trauma, & MS

magnetic resonance imaging

72

x-ray photograph of the spinal cord following injection of a contrast dye

myelogram

73

surgical excision of a nerve

neurectomy

74

study & medical practice of the nervous system

neurology

75

physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system

neurologist

76

separating a nerve by removing adhesions

neurolysis

77

surgical repair of a nerve

neuroplasty

78

suturing of a nerve

neurorrhaphy

79

incision into a nerve

neurotomy

80

PET scan: brain scan that provides a map of metabolic function w/in the brain that can be correlated to brain activity

positron emission tomography

81

branch of medicine that addresses mental, emotional & behavioral disorders

psychiatry

82

field of study of human behavior

psychology

83

incision into a nerve root AKA rhizotomy

radicotomy

84

diagnostic tests performed to observe the body's response to various stimuli - including deep tendon reflexes & Babinski reflex

reflex testing