Nervous Tissue Flashcards Preview

Biomechanism Module 2 > Nervous Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous Tissue Deck (11):
1

Two types of nervous tissue

Neurons and neuroglia

2

Neurons

Conducting cells: respond to stimuli and conduct electrical impulses

3

Neuroglia

Supporting cells

4

Different types of neuroglia

- Astrocytes
- microglial cells
- ependymal cells
- oligodendrocytes
- Schwann and satellite cells

5

Astrocytes

Support neuron function

6

Microglial cells

Defence cells

7

Ependymal cells

Produce cerebrospinal fluid

8

Oligodendrocytes

Form myelin around the central nervous system nerve fibres

9

Schwann and satellite cells

Form myelin around the peripheral nervous system nervous fibres

10

Inflammation

Inflammation of a tissue arises in the connective tissue

11

Mast cells

Key cell for inflammation. When a tissue becomes injured, mast cells release a number of chemicals important in inflammation