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Flashcards in Neuro Deck (45):
0

Causes increased icp

Acidosis
Hypotonic solutions
Hyper extension,flex ion
Decreased protein intake
Wrist restraints

1

Cerebral perfusion pressure

Map-icp=cop

2

Cpp norm range

70-95mm hg

3

Effects basilar skull fracture

Raccoon eyes
Battle sign
Otorrhea
Rhinos rhea
Loss of cranial nerve 1(smell)

4

Brown-sequard syndrome

Ipsilateral(same side) motor loss
Contra lateral(opposite side) loss of pain and temp

5

Central cord syndrome

Upper motor loss
Varying sensory loss

6

Bacterial meningitis

Staph auras
Very elevated protein
Low glucose
Purulent
Leukocytes

7

Viral meningitis

Enterovirus, herpes virus
Elevated protein
Normal glucose
Clear
Lymphocytes

8

Signs of meningitis

Head aches
Nuchal rigidity
Brudzinkis sign
Kernigs sign

9

Doll eyes

Oculocephalic reflex

10

Cushings triad


Increase systolic bp
Widening pulse pressure
Decreased hr and rr

11

Normal ventricular fluid pressure

0-10

12

Blindness in half of both visual fields

Homonymous hemianopia

13

Pinpoint pupils from

Legion/infarct in pons

14

Pons

Sympathetic in elevation

15

Midbrain ns

Parasympathetic

16

Causes pancreatitis

Obstruction pancreatic ducts
Alcoholism
Drug toxicity
Trauma

17

Pancreatitis symptoms

Hypocalcemia
Low insulin haank
Left side atelectasis and pleural effussions
Bilateral rales
Cullen's and ray turners sign
Ards
Elevated amylase levels

18

In pancreatitis don't give

Morphine. Give Demerol

19

Lbo

Large distention

20

Sbo

Small distention
Diarrhea
Vomiting

21

Parasympathetic

Makes pupil pin point
From midbrain

22

Sympathetic

Causes pupil dilation
Pons

23

Uncal herniation

Lateral shift

24

Uncal herniation ---- pupil on ----- side

Dilates. Effected side

25

Supratentorial herniation changes

Loc and dilates both pupils

26

Gcs measures

Eyes open motor verbal

27

Cushings triad

Widening pulse pressure
Increase sbp
Decreases hr and rr

28

Cullen's sign

Edema and bruising on umbilicus

29

Grey turners sign

Bruising of flanks

30

Brudzinskis sign

Hips and knees flex when neck is flexed

31

Kermis sign

Cannot straighten leg when hip flexed 90 degrees

32

Rind

Reversable iscemic neurological defict

Long Tia

33

Ci

Cerebral infarct

34

2 brain arteries

Basilar vertebral artery
Carotid artery

35

Brainstem 3 parts

Midbrain
Pons
Medulla

36

Ocular nerve

3rd cranial nerve

37

Uncal herniation causes

Changes in pupils

38

Supratentorial herniation causes

Changes in level of consciousness
Then dilated pupils
Then death

39

Cushings triad occurs during

Supratentorial herniation

40

Resp pattern seen I'm upper brainstem(midbrain) region

Hyperventilation

41

Reap in pons infarct

Apneustic breathing

42

Normal ventricular fluid pressure is

0-10 mmHg

43

Pin point pupils indicate

Infarct or lesion in pons

44

Pancreatitis electrolyte abnormality

Hypocalcemia