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Flashcards in neuro anatomy overview Deck (23)
1

5 embryological divisions of the brain

telencephalon
diencephalon
mesencephalon
metencephalon
myelencephalon

2

what becomes the cerebral hemisphere

telencephalon

3

diencephalon becomes

thalamus and hypothalamus

4

mesencephalon becomes

midbrain

5

metencephalon becomes

pons and cerebellum

6

myelencephalon becomes

medulla

7

what makes up brain stem

pons, medulla, midbrain

8

4 types of glial cells

astrocytes
oligodendrocytes
microglia
ependymal cells

9

star shaped glial cell

astrocyte

10

what is not found in CNS

connective tissue

11

role of astrocytes

maintain BBB
homeostasis
support (no connective tissue)

12

what produces myeline in CNS

oligodendrocytes

13

which glial cell has immune function

microglia

14

micro glia change shape how when become activated

elongated nucleus with short cell processes > round nucleus and look like MO

15

what are ependymal cells

glia that are ciliated cuboidal/columnar epithelium that line ventricles

16

what spinal segments innervate lower limb, gluteus and perineum

L2-Co1

17

what spinal segments innervate upper limb

C5 - T1

18

what do spinal segments c2 - c4 innervate

posterior scalp, neck, shoulders

19

plexuses are made up of?

anterior rami

20

which vertebral segments make up cervical plexus

C1 - C4

21

brachial plexus segments

C5 - T1

22

Lumbar plexus segments

L1 - L4

23

Sacral plexus segments

L5 - S4