neuroanatomy Flashcards Preview

nr dz > neuroanatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in neuroanatomy Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
1

which lobe is frontal eye fields located in

Frontal lobe

2

lesion in frontal eye fields causes ipsilateral or contralateral deviation

ipsilateral

3

Broca's area is located in what lobe

Frontal lobe

4

teMpoWUL lobe

memory, wernicke's speech, understanding language

5

Non-dominant lobe features are what

contralateral side of body; right lesion -> left sided neglect

6

Dominant lobe features?

calculation
writing
left-right orientation
finger recognition

7

pineal gland

secrete melatonin for circadian rhythm

8

thalamus function

relay all sensory impulses to cerebral cortex

9

hypothalamus f(x)

regulator of endocrine function thru pituitary gland

10

what controls autonomic functions of PNS

Diencephalon

11

Olfactory nerve exits cranium via perforations in ___

perforations in cribriform plate

12

optic nerve exits cranial cavity via ____

optic canal

13

visual disfunction from Afferent Dysfunction

Vision loss
Visual field loss
RAPD

14

visual dysfunction from Efferent Dysfunction

Diplopia
Anisocoria
Ptosis
Muscles of Facial expression
EOMs issues

15

Brain and spinal cord is part of what nervous system

Cranial nervous system

16

Cranial nerves and Spinal nerves is part of what nervous sytem

Peripheral nervous system

17

PNS Division: what is the definition of somatic innervation?

innervation of body for voluntary control of body movements

18

(PNS Division) what is the definition of the visceral innervation?

innervation of body for INVOLUNTARY CONTROL OF BODY FUNCTIONS

19

Skeletal muscle is somatic or visceral innervation of PNS division?

somatic innervation

20

what muscles are part of visceral innervation of PNS

smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
glands

21

What is the word called of CNS tissue that contains neuronal cell bodies and dendrites

Gray matter

22

What is the word called of CNS tissue that's largely composed of myelinated axons

White matter

23

Circumscribed region of gray matter, usually named by its location/function in CNS is called?

Nucleus

24

Collection of neuronal cell bodies in PNS is called?

Ganglion

25

what is it called for bundle of axons

Nerve

26

extension that conducts action potentials of neuron is called

Axon

27

what are the 4 parts of the brain?

Cerebrum (telencephalon)
Cerebellum (joined to part of brainstems by peduncles of white matter)
Diencephalon (thalamus/ hypothalamus)
Brainstem (midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata)

28

judgment, personality, emotion, problem solving, intelligence, self-awareness is from what lobe?

Frontal lobe

29

primary motor cortex is from what lobe

frontal lobe

30

What is broca's area?

expressive language -> speak and write language