New Deal (1930s) Flashcards Preview

History: America Studies > New Deal (1930s) > Flashcards

Flashcards in New Deal (1930s) Deck (48):
1

Why was Roosevelt significant to New York?

Because he was the New York governor

2

Why is it significant that Roosevelt was a governor?

Showed leadership qualities

3

What did Roosevelt set up when he was governor?

A committee on prevention of unemployment

4

How much did Roosevelt spend to prevent unemployment when he was a governor?

$20 million

5

When was Roosevelt a governor?

1928

6

How far did Roosevelt travel on his train before the elections?

20,800 km

7

What did Roosevelt's train show to people?

That he was committed and dedicated to becoming a president

8

How many major speeches did Roosevelt do from his train?

16

9

What was Hoover's nickname? (Given by Roosevelt)

"Do nothing" president

10

When did Roosevelt become president?

1933

11

What did Roosevelt do every sunday?

A fireside chat

12

Why were Roosevelt's fireside chats significant? (2+)

Represents a transparent president
Cares what others think
Proud to share his work (must be good if he' s openly sharing)

13

What does the agency, AAA, stand for?

Agricultural Adjustment Administration

14

What does the agency, NRA, stand for?

National Recovery Administration

15

What does the agency, TVA, stand for?

Tennessee Valley Authority

16

What does the agency, CCC, stand for?

Civilian Conservation Corps

17

(New deal) Explain what the Agricultural Adjustment Administration did? (2)

Set quotas on agricultural produce (1) to prevent dust bowls and low prices due to high supply (1)

18

(New deal) What was the disadvantage of the actions of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration?

New machinery reduced the number of manual labour jobs

19

(New deal) What did the National Recovery Administration do? (2)

1. Ban child labour
2. Introduce a minimum wage

20

(New deal) Why was National Recovery Administration beneficial?

Prevented workers being exploited by bosses

21

(New deal) What was the disagreement about the role of the National Recovery Administration?

Said to interfere too much (dictator- like)

22

(New deal) Explain what the Tennessee Valley Authority did? (2)

Built dams (1) to generate hydro- electricity (1)

23

(New deal) Why was Tennessee Valley Authority beneficial? (2)

1. Created many jobs
2. Prevented droughts and floods in Tennessee

24

(New deal) Who was against the Tennessee Valley Authority? Why? (2)

Small electricity companies (1), because they couldn't compete with the TVA and were put out of business (1)

25

(New deal) What did the Civilian Conservation Corps do?

Created jobs on environmental projects, e.g. parks

26

(New deal) How many people were helped by the Civilian Conservation Corps?

2.5 million people

27

(New deal) Who did the Civilian Conservation Corps employ?

Young men (ages 18-25)

28

What was the main disadvantage that affected all of the New Deals? (2)

Expensive (1), which lead to high taxes (1)

29

State the acronyms of the 1st new deal agencies (4)

1. AAA
2. NRA
3. TVA
4. CCC

30

State the acronym of the 2nd new deal agency

WPA

31

What does the agency, WPA, stand for?

Works Progress Administration

32

(New deal) What did the Works Progress Administration do?

Create jobs

33

(New deal) How many jobs did the Works Progress Administration create, in how many years? (2)

8 million in 8 years

34

What act did Roosevelt introduce in the second new deal, that had never been done before?

Social security act (benefits)

35

When was the first new deal?

1933

36

When was the second new deal?

1935

37

Who opposed the new deal? (2)

Republicans and businessmen

38

Why did republicans oppose the new deal? (3)

1. Discouraged the rich from working due to high taxes
2. Too many worthless jobs created
3. Government were acting like communists

39

What was a pointless job that Roosevelt made during the new deal?

Pigeon scaring

40

What did the republicans do with their beliefs on the new deal? And when? (2)

Blocked further new deal legalisation in 1938

41

What was the 1930's also known as, in terms of entertainment?

The Golden age

42

Name a famous film released during the 30's

Wizard of Oz

43

How many home had radios by 193_?

28 million by 1939

44

What comics were created in the 30's? (2)

Batman and superman

45

Why was entertainment important for the american society during the 30's?

Distracted people from their miserable lives/ Improved mood

46

How many black americans were employed by the CCC, out of how many? (2)

200, 000 out of 2.5 million

47

Why weren't women directly benefited by the new deal?

Because many agencies focused on men

48

How many women were employed by the CCC, out of how many? (2)

8000 out of 2.5 million