Flashcards in New Deal (1930s) Deck (48):
Why was Roosevelt significant to New York?
Because he was the New York governor
Why is it significant that Roosevelt was a governor?
Showed leadership qualities
What did Roosevelt set up when he was governor?
A committee on prevention of unemployment
How much did Roosevelt spend to prevent unemployment when he was a governor?
When was Roosevelt a governor?
How far did Roosevelt travel on his train before the elections?
What did Roosevelt's train show to people?
That he was committed and dedicated to becoming a president
How many major speeches did Roosevelt do from his train?
What was Hoover's nickname? (Given by Roosevelt)
"Do nothing" president
When did Roosevelt become president?
What did Roosevelt do every sunday?
A fireside chat
Why were Roosevelt's fireside chats significant? (2+)
Represents a transparent president
Cares what others think
Proud to share his work (must be good if he' s openly sharing)
What does the agency, AAA, stand for?
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
What does the agency, NRA, stand for?
National Recovery Administration
What does the agency, TVA, stand for?
Tennessee Valley Authority
What does the agency, CCC, stand for?
Civilian Conservation Corps
(New deal) Explain what the Agricultural Adjustment Administration did? (2)
Set quotas on agricultural produce (1) to prevent dust bowls and low prices due to high supply (1)
(New deal) What was the disadvantage of the actions of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration?
New machinery reduced the number of manual labour jobs
(New deal) What did the National Recovery Administration do? (2)
1. Ban child labour
2. Introduce a minimum wage
(New deal) Why was National Recovery Administration beneficial?
Prevented workers being exploited by bosses
(New deal) What was the disagreement about the role of the National Recovery Administration?
Said to interfere too much (dictator- like)
(New deal) Explain what the Tennessee Valley Authority did? (2)
Built dams (1) to generate hydro- electricity (1)
(New deal) Why was Tennessee Valley Authority beneficial? (2)
1. Created many jobs
2. Prevented droughts and floods in Tennessee
(New deal) Who was against the Tennessee Valley Authority? Why? (2)
Small electricity companies (1), because they couldn't compete with the TVA and were put out of business (1)
(New deal) What did the Civilian Conservation Corps do?
Created jobs on environmental projects, e.g. parks
(New deal) How many people were helped by the Civilian Conservation Corps?
2.5 million people
(New deal) Who did the Civilian Conservation Corps employ?
Young men (ages 18-25)
What was the main disadvantage that affected all of the New Deals? (2)
Expensive (1), which lead to high taxes (1)
State the acronyms of the 1st new deal agencies (4)
State the acronym of the 2nd new deal agency
What does the agency, WPA, stand for?
Works Progress Administration
(New deal) What did the Works Progress Administration do?
(New deal) How many jobs did the Works Progress Administration create, in how many years? (2)
8 million in 8 years
What act did Roosevelt introduce in the second new deal, that had never been done before?
Social security act (benefits)
When was the first new deal?
When was the second new deal?
Who opposed the new deal? (2)
Republicans and businessmen
Why did republicans oppose the new deal? (3)
1. Discouraged the rich from working due to high taxes
2. Too many worthless jobs created
3. Government were acting like communists
What was a pointless job that Roosevelt made during the new deal?
What did the republicans do with their beliefs on the new deal? And when? (2)
Blocked further new deal legalisation in 1938
What was the 1930's also known as, in terms of entertainment?
The Golden age
Name a famous film released during the 30's
Wizard of Oz
How many home had radios by 193_?
28 million by 1939
What comics were created in the 30's? (2)
Batman and superman
Why was entertainment important for the american society during the 30's?
Distracted people from their miserable lives/ Improved mood
How many black americans were employed by the CCC, out of how many? (2)
200, 000 out of 2.5 million
Why weren't women directly benefited by the new deal?
Because many agencies focused on men