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Flashcards in New Zealand Deck (53):
1

Wine regions of North Island

Northland
Auckland
Waikato
Bay of Plenty
Gisborne
Hawke's Bay
Wairarana

2

Wine regions of South Island

Nelson
Marlborough
Canterbury
Otago

3

Most of the west and south coast is too ____ for wine production.

Too wet.

4

3 Subregions of Northland

Kaitaia
Kerikeri
Whangarei

5

5 Subregions of Auckland

Henderson
Kumeu
Matakana
South Auckland
Waiheke

6

3 Subregions of Waikato/Bay of Plenty

Hamilton
Te Awamutu
Te Kauwhata

7

4 Subregions of Gisborne

Matawhero
Ormond
Patutahi
Poverty Bay

8

7 Subregions of Hawke's Bay

Dartmoor Valley
Esk Valley
Gimblett Gravels (mix of rich alluvial and less fertile gravel)
Mangatahi
Havelock North (limestone hills)
Te Awanga
Ngatarawa Triangle

9

2 Subregions of Wairarana

Martinborough
Wairarapa Valley

10

2 Subregions of Nelson

Waimea Plains
Upper Moutere

11

2 Subregions of Marlborough

Awatere Valley
Wairau Valley

12

2 Subregions of Canterbury

Cangterbury Plains
Waipara

13

4 Subregions of Otago

Alexandra
Cromwell Basin
Gibbston
Wanaka

14

What bodies of water surround New Zealand?

Tasman Sea on the west, Pacific/South Pacific Ocean on the east

15

Custom crush is big business in New Zealand:

a high proportion of growers have a label but no winery of their own.

16

What is the mountain range on the South Island that creates a Rain Shadow?

Southern Alps.

17

Sauvignon Blanc account for roughly __% of New Zealand's annual harvest.

70%

18

Who owns Brancott (NZ's most prominent producer)?

Pernod Ricard, acquired in 2005.

19

Name some other substantial producers in New Zealand.

Constellation (formerly Nobilo)
Delegat's/Oyster Bay
Mud House
Villa Maria

20

New Zealand's second most planted grape is:

Pinot Noir

21

Northland and Auckland have what kind of climate?

Subtropical

22

What is the name of the Strait between North and South Island?

Cook Strait

23

New Zealand vintages since 1990:

Poorest: 2001, 2003.

Most have been ok (less than 90 points from Parker), but some of the better vintages have been:

2007, 2010, 2013

24

What is the climate of Hawke's Bay?

Maritime

25

Hawke's Bay is sheltered from the westerly winds by which mountains?

Ruahine and Kaweka Ranges.

26

Where is Ata Rangi?

Martinborough

27

Where is Man O'War?

Waiheke Island, Auckland

28

The most important grape for Wairarapa is:

Pinot Noir. Martinborough has dry autumns thanks to the mountains to the west, and generally Wairarapa has a low heat index.

Spring frosts can be an issue here, and so can the westerlies around flowering.

Soils here are thin, poor, deep gravel, silt and clay.

29

Who launched Cloudy Bay?

David Hohnen of Cape Mentelle in Western Australia in 1985.

30

Wairau Valley is flat and water is scarce. True or False?

True.

31

Awatere Valley is slightly drier, cooler and windier than Wairau. True or False?

True; bud break and harvest tend to be later in Awatere, too.

32

Top producers in Marlborough:

Greywacke
Vavasour
Saint Clair
Seresin

33

Top grapes in Canterbury are:

Pinot Noir
Chardonnay
Riesling

34

Waipara in Canterbury is protected to the east by the:

Teviotdale Hills. Waipara is about an hour north of Christchurch.

35

Noteworthy producers in Canterbury:

Pegasus Bay
Pyramid Valley Vintners

36

The climate in Central Otago is:

Continental. There's a hole in the ozone layer above this area and the summer sunlight is brilliant.

37

Noteworthy producers in Otago:

Felton Road
Rippon

38

The first dates of wine production in New Zealand:

1830s by James Busby at his home in Northland.

39

Who was Romeo Bragato?

He was an Austrian viticulturist from Victoria who was charged with the task by the Dept of Agriculture of studying the nation’s vineyards and combating its newest scourge: phylloxera. Bragato identified many of New Zealand’s modern wine regions (with the important exception of Marlborough) and educated growers on the merits of grafting vines onto disease-resistant American rootstock.

40

New Zealand is the world’s easternmost and southernmost winemaking country. True or False?

True.

41

Central Otago, the southernmost wine region in the world, lies on the __th parallel.

45th

42

New Zealand’s vineyards are typically planted:

on flat expanses and most are located within twenty miles of the eastern coastline.

43

As in Australia, mechanical harvesting is common -- why?

a consistently cheap source of manual labor is difficult to find in the sparsely populated country.

44

What is New Zealand Winegrowers?

It promotes and presents a unified face for New Zealand wine, building on the past successes of its parent organizations.

45

New Zealand wines must contain a minimum __% of a stated varietal or vintage.

85%

46

New Zealand’s first vines were planted in ____ in ___.

Northland in 1819.

47

Hawkes Bay is the ____ largest region in the country, and the North Island's ____ climate.

Second largest; the North Island's driest climate.

48

Nelson is New Zealand’s ____ and ____ region on the South Island.

sunniest and rainiest

49

NZ's largest winemaking company:

Montana (they're now under Pernod Ricard)

50

Marlborough enjoys how many hours of annual sunshine?

2,409

51

Marlborough soils are free-draining stony gravels covered by sandy loam. The Southern Valleys sub-region has increased levels of clay. True or false?

True

52

NZ exported how many millions of liters in 2017?

243 million liters, compared to 142 million liters in 2010.

53

Planted hectares:
SB: 22,085ha
PN: 5,653ha
CH: 3,203ha
Aromatics: 3,433ha
Syr/CS/Merlot: 1,911ha

That's a lot of Sauvignon Blanc.