Newborn Assessment Flashcards Preview

352-OB/Geriatrics Midterm > Newborn Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Newborn Assessment Deck (26):
1

Newborn Vitals

resp: 30-60
heart rate: 110/120-160
tep: 97.6
glucose: 40-80; 45-90
length: 18-22cm
weight 5.5-9lbs

2

apnea

pause in breathing longer than 20 seconds

3

signs/ symptoms of respiratory distress

• flaring of nares
• increased respiratory rate
• grunting
• dusky color
• cyanosis
• decreased muscle tone (exhausted)
• muscle retraction

4

cardiovascular pattern

•while in mom low systemic resistance (bp), high pulmonary resistance

•after cord clamped high systemic resistance (bp), low pulmonary resistance

5

placenta

2 arteries, 1 vein

6

acrocyanosis

trunk pink, extremities bllue

7

signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia

jitters, apnea, abnormal cry, cardiac arrest/failure, cyanosis, diaphoresis, hypothermia, irritability, lethargy, muscle twitching, poor feeding, respiratory distress, seizures, tachypnea, tachycardia, tremors

8

signs and symptoms of hypothermia

body cold to touch, central cyanosis, poor feeding, bradycardia, restlessness, decreased activity, pallor/mottling, tachypnea, hypoglycemia, acrocyanosis, weak suck, hypotonia, irritability, lethargy, feeble cry, apnea, shallow/irregular respirations

9

types of heat loss (4)

evaporation, convection, conduction, radiaiton

10

BAT

brown adipose tissue on scapula, kidneys, adrenals, head, neck, heart, great vessels, and axila

primary source of heat in hypothermia increase metabolism to break down fat

11

Fontanelles

anterior= diamond
posterior= triangle

12

vernix

cheesey fat that covers skin

13

lanugo

fine hair

14

stork bites

increased vascularization on eyes, neck, forehead

15

gabellar reflex

eyes blink when tap nose a few times

16

pupillary reflex

eyes respond to light

17

doll eye reflex

eyes open when placed into sitting position

18

sucking reflex

 front of tongue laps finger
 back of tongue massages middle of finger
 esophagus pulls on tip of finger

19

rooting reflex

baby turns its head towards side that cheek is touched

20

extrusion reflex

baby pushes tongue forward when stimulated

21

palmar grasp

grasp with each forefinger

22

plantar grasp

baby toes cur when inner sole of foot stroked

23

Babinski refex

baby spreads toes when outer sole of foot is stroked

24

Moro reflex

startle reflex triggered by noise or dropping

infants spreads legs/arms

25

fencing reflex

 infant on stomach, stroke neck to spine back curves to side you are touching

26

step reflex

holding infant under arms, touch feet to flat surface takes “Steps”

disappears at 2-3 months and returns at 10-15months