NIGER (with some detail on GAMBIA) - required research on one country, from which people are migrating to Europe (PUSH FACTORS) Flashcards Preview

geography 4B > NIGER (with some detail on GAMBIA) - required research on one country, from which people are migrating to Europe (PUSH FACTORS) > Flashcards

Flashcards in NIGER (with some detail on GAMBIA) - required research on one country, from which people are migrating to Europe (PUSH FACTORS) Deck (16):
1

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
Gambia has had economic difficulties since?

1965

2

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
what's the increase of Gambia's urban population?

URBAN POPULATION:
increased from 35% (1993) to 58% (2010)

3

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
when was Gambia's military coup?

seeking refugee in 1994; military coup

4

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
employment rate of Gambia?

- in 1999: for 15-24's: 43%

5

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
land resources in Gambia?

land resources scarily exacerbated by pop. growth

6

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
land exploitation in Gambia

- deforestation & increased land exploitation contributed to wide spread erosion

7

(GAMBIA - PUSH factors)
droughts in Gambia?

- 1970s and 1980s

8

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
the population of Niger?

18.5 million
(2015)

9

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
location of Niger?

landlocked: Libya/Chad/Nigeria/Mali
West Africa
neighbour east: Chad

10

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
Niger's GDP per capita?

$897 (2014)

11

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
Niger's HDI rank in 2014?

188/188

12

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
instability?

- there's instability in neighbouring countries, e.g. Mali/Libya/Nigeria
- gov. declared state of emergency in its southeastern region
- participated in sending 750 troops to Nigeria

13

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
environmental reasons to leave Niger?

- dwindling water for farmers near Lake Chad
- 70% of the population are engaged in crop/livestock agriculture
- only 15% of land is arable
- SEASONAL MIGRATION: travelling for temporary work between Jan and April (solution to the dry harvests)

14

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
climate change affecting Niger?

- Niger is vulnerable; landlocked/risk of droughts (desert country)
- can impact agricultural systems
- link between season variation in price and impact of drought
- 2009: drought and flooding; many deaths and displacement

15

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
smuggling in Niger?

- Agadez in northern Niger; trades people. last settlement before Sahara desert
- gov. have put in a law on people smuggling
- 70,000 in 2016

16

(NIGER - PUSH factors)
economic factors in Niger?

- food shortage: in 2008, food prices spiked
- in Dec 2000: qualified for IMF's HIPC program