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M1T2 OMM Midterm Jason > Nociception > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nociception Deck (13):
1

Nociception is the sensing of ________.

Tissue damage

2

Free nerve endings are not ________ and responsive to ________.

Encapsulated, noxious stimuli

3

Pain is suppressed by the ________, sending signals to inhibit pain input.

Brain

4

When it comes to adaptation, pain receptors adapt ________.

Little, if at all

5

Pain can be suppressed by either activating the ________ or inactivating ________.

Analgesia system, pain pathways

6

The analgesia system suppresses pain by sending efferent signals to inhibitory complexes in the ________.

Dorsal horns

7

Inactivation of pain pathways can occur via two kinds of substances. These are ________ and ________.

Exogenous opiates, endogenous opioid substances

8

Opioid substances bind to ________ in the brain and spinal cord.

μreceptors

9

________ occurs due to a neuron being repeatedly fired and thus results in a raised resting membrane potential.

Facilitation

10

A noxious stimulus that is more painful than expected is known as ________.

Hyperalgesia

11

When a non-noxious stimulus is painful, it is known as ________.

Allodynia

12

When a greater noxious stimulus is required to tigger an action potential but pain shoots directly to maximal intensity and lasts longer than normal, it is known as ________.

Hyperpathia

13

The downward spiral is a combination of ________, ________, and ________ and leads to maintenance and exacerbation of somatic dysfunction.

Chronic inflammation, vasoconstriction, muscle spasm