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AP Chemistry > Nomenclature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nomenclature Deck (31):
1

When naming binary ionic compounds that has a cation with multiple charges, you must specify the charge using _______________

Roman numerals

2

For ______________ you should always used the name assigned to it

Polyatomic ions

3

If the first word in the compound is a metal or ammonium, it is an ________________

ionic compound

4

Ionic compounds are ________

Neutral

5

When writing ionic formulas, ___________ must be used when there is a multiple of a certain polyatomic ion

Parenthesis

6

_____________________ are made of two
non-metals

Binary covalent compounds

7

Binary covalent compounds use __________

Prefixes

8

What is the prefix for 1?

Mono

9

What is the prefix for 2?

Di

10

What is the prefix for 3?

Tri

11

What is the prefix for 4?

Tetra

12

What is the prefix for 5?

Penta

13

What is the prefix for 6?

Hexa

14

What is the prefix for 7?

Hepta

15

What is the prefix for 8?

Octa

16

What is the prefix for 9?

Nona

17

What is the prefix for 10?

Deca

18

When naming binary covalent compounds the first word takes the name of the element with the suitable ___________

Prefix

19

When naming binary covalent compounds the second word takes the name of the element with the _______ suffix and the suitable prefix

ide

20

Formulas for acids usually start with ______

H

21

For organic acids the cation of often placed at the _______ of the formula

End

22

What are the two types of acids we look at?

-acids containing oxygen
-acids that do not contain oxygen

23

To name all acids you must look at the ______

Anion

24

Oxygen containing acids have ______________

Polyatomic anions

25

When naming oxygen containing acids, write the name of the polyatomic ion but change ate to _______ and add the word acid

ic

26

When naming oxygen containing acids, write the name of the polyatomic ion but change ite to ____________ and add the word acid

ous

27

___________________ acids have monoatomic or polyatomic anions

Non-oxygen containing

28

When naming non-oxygen containing acids write the name of the anion but change ide to ___________, add the prefix hydro and the word acid

ic

29

Ionic compounds that trap water within their structures

Hydrates

30

When writing formulas for hydrates add a dot and the correct number of ________ taken from the prefix

Waters

31

When naming binary ionic compounds, the _________ is written first and takes the same name as the element

Cation