Nomenclature (Quiz 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nomenclature (Quiz 1) Deck (30):
1

how do we name binary ionic compounds?

1. cation named first
2. anion- element root + ide
ie NaCl- Na+, Cl- = sodium chloride

2

for which group of elements do we indicate charge with roman numerals in bracket?

transition metals

3

FeCl2

iron (II) chloride

4

NH4+

ammonium

5

OH-

hydroxide

6

NO3-

nitrate

7

NO2-

nitrite

8

CN-

cyanide

9

MnO4-

permanganate

10

C2H3O2-

acetate

11

SCN-

thiocyanate

12

SO32-

sulfite

13

SO42-

sulfate

14

CO32-

carbonate

15

CrO42-

chromate

16

Cr2O72-

dichromate

17

O22-

peroxide

18

C2O42-

oxalate

19

PO43-

phosphate

20

HSO4-

hydrogen sulfate

21

HCO3-

hydrogen carbonate

22

ClO-

hypochlorite

23

ClO2-

chlorite

24

ClO3-

chlorate

25

ClO4-

perchlorate

26

H2PO4-

dihydrogen phosphate

27

HPO42-

hydrogen phosphate

28

naming 2 nonmetals coming together (binary covalent cpds)

1. 1st element named first
2. 2nd element named as if it were an anion
3. prefixes denote number of atoms present

29

prefixes

1=mono,2=di, 3=tri, 4=tetra, 5=penta 6=hexa, 7=hepta,8=octa,9=nona,10=deca

30

acid naming

if no oxygen in anion:
- hydro + root + ic acid
if oxygen is in anion:
if ion has suffix -ate- becomes -ic acid
if ion has suffix -ite- becomes -ous acid