Flashcards in Nominations And Elections Deck (49):
First step to election process?
Nomination; can often be more important than election itself
In a suppressed society the nomination and elections are?
Mussolini, Stalin, and Hitler all held?
Elections; the people were required to vote for the candidates picked by dictator
The freedom of choice and consent helps make our government?
A stronger democracy
The nomination of public officers has been left almost entirely to?
The states; except for presidency and vice-presidency
We elect over ____ members of congress
We elect about _____ state officers-governors, legislators, etc.
We elect over _____ local officers
Total nominations is well over?
Five different nomination methods have been used up to the present day:?
3. Direct primary
Two ways in which a candidate can get his name on a ballot?
1. With the support of a political party
2. Without the support of a political party
Earliest device for nominating candidates for state offices and for seats in Congress?
Legislative caucus; people would gather together to discuss the pros and cons of each possible candidate
Term "caucus" comes from?
The Algonquin Indian language and means "to talk", and a causes is a gathering of party leaders to talk over possible candidates
In the beginning, members of the state legislatures met in caucus to?
Draw up the slate of candidates for the various state and congressional offices
In local affairs, the nineteenth century caucus had become?
One of the regular means of by which candidates were secretly names by local political leaders; people took no part in the nominating process-it was a privately arranged affair
In our nation's first three Presidential elections?
No system of nomination was used and there was no caucus desired; Electoral College simply agreed twice on Washington and once on Adams
With the coming of political parties in 1800?
The candidates for President and Vice-President were chosen by the caucus;
A group in congress representing one of the two main parties - federalist or Democratic Republicans-?
Would meet in a caucus and put up their party candidates for President and Vice-President
The caucus method lost favor after?
1828, after followers of Andrew Jackson made a strong argument that it was being seriously abused
Although the caucus method isn't used on the national level?
It is still used in many local elections today in the United States
The party convention is?
A meeting of delegates; these delegates may be elected by the people in a district or may be chosen by the party leaders themselves
Two types of conventions that were used after 1830:
County convention and state conventions
Came into existence before state convention and nominated most county officers, elected the county chairman, and later chose delegates to the state convention
Soon began to meet after county conventions and also nominated the delegates to the national convention of the party
Party leaders prefer the ____ system because?
Convention; it gives them opportunity to take care of the other party business besides nominating candidates
At convention meetings the party can?
"Fine-tune" its organization; finding where it is weak and working to correct it
The party can judge the candidates from the standpoint of?
Popularity in different sections of the state and can arouse party enthusiasm among the leaders; enthusiasm can be carried to local level
Convention method was most common method of nominating candidates after 1835 because?
It remained popular until shortly after 1900 when the direct primary replaced it in many states
States abandoned the convention method of nomination because?
Political bosses gradually dominated the conventions; fraud, bribery, and corruption were common in conventions
Early all states now use?
The direct primary or combination of convention and primary
A party election
The members of major parties vote, by secret ballot, to choose the candidate to represent their party in the general election
Any person who desires a political office may have his name put on the primary ballot of his party in one of three ways:
1. Simple declaration of candidacy
2. Declaration plus payment of a fee
3. Presentation of a nominating petition signed by a given number, or certain percent, of the voters in his party
Two types of primaries that are used in most of the United States?
Open primary and closed primary
All qualifies voters may vote for candidates of the party they desire without revealing their party membership
Weakness of the open primary?
In lends itself to "party raiding"-members of one party can move into the primary of the other party to choose candidates whom they will more likely defeat in the final election
Some of the open primary states?
Wisconsin, Michigan, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota
Voter must declare his party allegiance and ask for the ballot of his own party, which he then marks; independents are excluded
Closed primary has the advantage of?
Building up party strength and unity. It helps to make both the party and the candidates mutually responsible for its program
Most states use the ____ primary system?
Used in Washington state
Blanket ballot system; wide-open primary
Blanket ballot system/wide-open primary
Voter makes his choice regardless of the party label of the candidate for whom he votes; can also lead to "party-raiding"
In most states the candidate who receives a ______ is the candidate of that party in the general election
Run off primary
A second primary election held in most southern states to determine which candidate gets a majority
In a run off primary, in _____ other states the winning candidate must receive at least _____ of the votes of his party. If he fails to obtain this percentage?
Two, 35%, the nomination is made by a convention called for that purpose
Not supported by a political party?
Nomination by petition
Nomination by self-announcement
It is not necessary for a candidate to be supported by?
A political party or to be nominated at the party primary
Most states allow prospective independent candidates to be nominated by petition and to have their names placed on the ballot in the final election?
This requires more signatures than those who wish their name placed on the primary ballot
It is generally required that the petition for nomination be filed after?
The primary election; most states prohibit candidates defeated in the primary from filing as independent after primary election