Normal Emotional and Behavioural Development in Children Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Emotional and Behavioural Development in Children Deck (16):
1

Describe the basic assumptions that underlie psychoanalytical theories

Development is driven by conscious and unconscious processes which develop and change over rime and the development is related to the successful transition and completion of each stage.

2

What processes are clinically important in infancy?

Importance of attachment behaviour in parents, and parent-infant psychotherapy is a treatment to improve emotional and behavioural outcomes for children

3

What processes are clinically important in early childhood?

Learning important concepts about self that can influence later emotional well-being and mental health, as well as the importance of supported experiences in learning initiative, sense of mastery and self-worth

4

What processes are clinically important in later childhood?

Developing the ability to regulate their own emotions and face challenges more independently

5

What processes are clinically important in adolescence?

Period of risk taking as well as developing long lasting emotional relationships

6

Name one theory of cognitive development

Piaget

7

What are the 4 stages in Piaget's theory called?

Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational

8

Describe the sensori-motor stage of Piagets theory

From 0-2 years:
Differentiates self from objects, recognises self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally and achieves object permanence

9

Describe the pre-operational stage of Piagets theory

From 2-7 years:
Learns to use language and to represent objects by images and words, thinking is still egocentric, classifies objects by a single feature

10

Describe the concrete operational stage of Piagets theory

From 7-11 years:
Can think logically about objects and events,
achieves conservation of number (age 6), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9), classifies objects according to several features and can order them in series along a single dimension such as size

11

Describe the formal operational stage of Piagets theory

From 11 years+:
Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically, becomes concerned with the hypothetical, the future, and ideological problems

12

Describe the oral stage of psychosexual development

0-2 years: involves fixation on the mouth e.g. sucking, biting, swallowing. Conflict involves weaning from breastfeeding.

13

Describe the anal stage of psychosexual development

2-4 years: involves fixation on the anus e.g. defecating or retaining faeces. Conflict involves toilet training

14

Describe the phallic stage of psychosexual development

4-5 years: involves fixation on the genitals. Conflict involves the Oedipus and Electra complexes

15

Describe the latent stage of psychosexual development

6-puberty: Sexual urges are subliminated into sports and hobbies and there is a focus on the making of same-sex friend to help avoid sexual feelings

16

Describe the genital stage of psychosexual development

Puberty onwards: physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs and direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification. Conflict at this point is social rules