Flashcards in Normal Emotional and Behavioural Development in Children Deck (16):
Describe the basic assumptions that underlie psychoanalytical theories
Development is driven by conscious and unconscious processes which develop and change over rime and the development is related to the successful transition and completion of each stage.
What processes are clinically important in infancy?
Importance of attachment behaviour in parents, and parent-infant psychotherapy is a treatment to improve emotional and behavioural outcomes for children
What processes are clinically important in early childhood?
Learning important concepts about self that can influence later emotional well-being and mental health, as well as the importance of supported experiences in learning initiative, sense of mastery and self-worth
What processes are clinically important in later childhood?
Developing the ability to regulate their own emotions and face challenges more independently
What processes are clinically important in adolescence?
Period of risk taking as well as developing long lasting emotional relationships
Name one theory of cognitive development
What are the 4 stages in Piaget's theory called?
Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational
Describe the sensori-motor stage of Piagets theory
From 0-2 years:
Differentiates self from objects, recognises self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally and achieves object permanence
Describe the pre-operational stage of Piagets theory
From 2-7 years:
Learns to use language and to represent objects by images and words, thinking is still egocentric, classifies objects by a single feature
Describe the concrete operational stage of Piagets theory
From 7-11 years:
Can think logically about objects and events,
achieves conservation of number (age 6), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9), classifies objects according to several features and can order them in series along a single dimension such as size
Describe the formal operational stage of Piagets theory
From 11 years+:
Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically, becomes concerned with the hypothetical, the future, and ideological problems
Describe the oral stage of psychosexual development
0-2 years: involves fixation on the mouth e.g. sucking, biting, swallowing. Conflict involves weaning from breastfeeding.
Describe the anal stage of psychosexual development
2-4 years: involves fixation on the anus e.g. defecating or retaining faeces. Conflict involves toilet training
Describe the phallic stage of psychosexual development
4-5 years: involves fixation on the genitals. Conflict involves the Oedipus and Electra complexes
Describe the latent stage of psychosexual development
6-puberty: Sexual urges are subliminated into sports and hobbies and there is a focus on the making of same-sex friend to help avoid sexual feelings